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Fat Pads

FAT PADS – Feed Rexflo or for obstinate Fat Pads feed T Forte liquid or powder in conjunction with Lecithin 50.  As a prophylactic feed Equinourish on a regular basis.




REXFLO – Registered Client Information

Cynara scolymus extract (Cynarin*) ext, Taraxicum officinalis rad, Achillea millefolium ext, Arctium
lappa rad, Honey, Zingiber officinalis, Stevia rotundifolia extract.
REXFLO is formulated to help maintain a healthy circulatory system and is about optimum levels of
lymph reaching the cells and waste products draining from the cells and flowing out to be efficiently
eliminated thus helping to maintain a healthy digestive system.
Whilst the essential features of the digestive system of the Equine are the same as that of all
mammals, evolution has imposed a number of features upon it that are unique to the species. Such
features call for a greater reliance on the horse’s liver and pancreas to help maintain a clean and
clear digestive and lymphatic system upon on which it so much depends.
Include REXFLO every day with the regular bucket feed to help maintain freedom from the following
common problems which originate from the occurrence of a than optimum digestive processes
Low grade lameness
The development of subcutaneous waste deposits (fat pads)
Fluid retention
Chronic Laminitis
Lymphatic torpidity
Circulatory disorders in the feet
Hepatic degeneration
General enfeeblement of body and spirit
Possible non-specific digestive problems
Feed when necessary as a follow on from L94 may also be fed with H29 and Setback Salts
The formula is devoid of any really harmful side effects however the following may occur –
1. Urination routine may well be upset and initially be more frequent
2. Blood fats will increase initially but then fall.
Cholagogue – increases bile production by up to 60 %
Liver restorative
Assists digestion of fats
Stimulates metabolism
Reduces levels of fats in the blood
Aids cell metabolism
Fluid retention
Circulatory stimulant & peripheral vasodilation.
Notes on Itching – Itching is a symptom of many conditions. The underlying cause of
generalised itching can often be due to less that optimum Liver and Pancreatic function including
a lowering of immune responses to candida albicans and other virulent fungal infections.
Itching is the effort of the central nervous system to move a deeper disturbance towards the
skin where irritation may well be distressing but where it is least damaging.
General notes – Lymph convey to the blood the final products of digestion and receives from the
blood waste products of metabolism. Lymph fluid loaded with waste, excess protein etc is
sucked into the lymph tubes to be filtered by the spleen and lymph nodes. A number of
disorders arise when the fluid in overburdened by toxaemia, out of solution minerals etc. Poor
drainage and enlarged nodes (glands) with un-eliminated waste slows down the flow extending
the time (dwell time) that toxins remain in contact with tissue doing exponential damage. It is
often said that If the lymph is circulating freely it is almost impossible for horses to become sick.
The lymphatic system is even capable of building up an immunity to further infections but on the
other hand lymphatic torpidity can be the very start of illness and susceptibility to disease from
being “off Form” to being in constant poor health and immobile. REXFLO helps maintain
lymphatic tempo, pH changes can quickly encourage waste oxides travelling back for eventual
elimination to come out of solution and begin the first processes of calcification (like the drip
from the top of a cave forming a stalagmite on the floor) constricting capillaries and forming
cellulite deposits (fat pads) that in turn cause further dams to the circulation.
REXFLO supports vital liver function and most importantly it is an excellent cholagogue that
gently increases both the concentration and the secretion of Bilirubin in the duodenum it helps
stimulate pancreatic enzymes and the digestive system in general. Since the horse has no gall
bladder and therefore no reserves of bile it is directly dependant on its actual hepatic output day
and night. This dependency makes the horse less tolerant of undulations in liver function than
other animals. Other factors also serve to make the Equine a hepatically complicated animal,
besides Equines living much longer than other creatures and their bile being different, when
mature their liver capacity is smaller in proportion to their size than other mammals.
Rexflo contains a large amount of extraordinary therapeutic substances known as flavonoids and
is able to protect the liver and the horse against poisons in three primary ways.
FIRSTLY by acting on the cell membrane of the liver and probably most other cells of the horse’s
body by stabilising and strengthening by actively competing for the cell membrane structure so
that toxins are unable to affect cell membranes in its presence allowing regeneration of the liver
cells to take place.
SECONDLY by a further hepatoprotective mechanism of action involving the enterohepatic
circuit. The Equine has no intermediate reserve of bile so there is an immediacy between the
liver and the the production of bile, the greenish-yellow alkaline substance secreted by the liver
which emulsifies and prevents putrefaction in the intestines and aid pancreatic function. The
enterohepatic circuit is old bile returning to the liver loaded with impurities and waste for
detoxification being exchanged for fresh new bile. Rexflo plays a vital role in helping maintain
and rejuvenate this action as it is a particularly effective cholagogue increasing the production
and volume of bile flow by as much as four times normal in a 12 hour period. Poor liver function
and bile deficiency in both amount and concentration means poisons, pollutants, and drug
residues not being exchanged properly and except for some biliary excretion simply moving
backwards and forwards increasing the amount of liver damage on each pass, this is known as
the Ping Pong effect the latter word being a clue to it occurring. Toxicity produced through the
enterohepatic circuit usually takes considerable time to develop, the larger and heavier the
organism the longer it takes to produce toxicity. Rexflo when fed firstly interrupts the primary
absorption of toxins then helps prevent their reabsorption due to enterohepatic circulation.
Cells that are not yet contaminated are protected from circulating toxins and act as centres for
the generation of new liver cells. With time, complete restoration of the liver is possible.
THIRDLY Rexflo also helps the regeneration of destroyed liver tissue by stimulating cellular
protein synthesis and subsequently new cells can be built and nourished.
Although the liver already possesses the ability to regenerate itself its capacity to do so is slowed
by certain toxic substances, viruses, fatty degeneration and age Rexflo encourages the
regeneration of cells destroyed during both normal detoxification process and the deleterious
effects of air, water and food-borne toxins.
REXFLO is a cellular regenerator, peripheral vasodilator improving the strength and tone of
capillaries, elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and opening up surface areas enabling more
blood to be circulated to assist tissue build up and tissue strength. REXFLO helps elevate white
cell production and liver glycogen reserves essential for red cell manufacture and for tissues
dependant on sufficient liver glycogen presence.
Swellings and Low grade lameness can often be due to less than optimum circulation to the feet.
Nutrients and oxygen destined for the feet fail to fully reach certain areas causing tissue to
become poor and necrotic developing an arterial shunt where the area is partially avoided and
the blood finds another way back to the heart. These starved areas become weak with transient
low levels of vasculitis and Lymphangitis occurring resulting in tenderness and pain when weight
bearing on hard or stony ground, in turn concussion causes more inflammation and greater
obstruction of nutrients and elimination of metabolites.

T FORTE  –  Registered Client Information
INGREDIENTS – Commiphora molmol (Myrrh gum oleo resin) Tincture, Honey.
FEEDING T FORTE – Introduce T40 gradually it has a strong taste of which horse are naturally cautious
TIP – Add apple juice to the bucket fed feed for a day or so then start adding a few drops of T FORTE
with it increasing slowly.
T40 is purifying formula to be fed to help any condition characterised by congestion, stagnation and
cold long term swellings and oedemas. The whole body feels its influence; it cleanses unhealthy
tissues, increases the white blood cell count and rejuvenates the skin. It is a consummate blood
detoxifier, useful in any condition characterised by congestion and stagnation. For cleansing
unhealthy tissues, increasing white blood cells and rejuvenating the skin. T FORTE is
hypocholesteremic, reduces atherosclerosis and helps in liver disorders, psoriasis, Candida and
internal fungal infections, Gastric ulcers, cardiac ischemia and arthritis. T40 regulates lipid
metabolism which can result in loss of excess weight.
T FORTE is a plaque scourer and reduces inflammation making it an established front-line antiarthritic
ingredient and can be equally effective as some medicines in reducing joint-swelling
especially when fed in conjunction with Belgian formula (MSM & Glucosamine), QC50, STRIDE B and
other mobility formulae.
It is not advisable to feed T FORTE to thin poor do-ers horses for any length of time
T FORTE helps the inherent metabolism function better and more efficiently helping normalise the
body processes and making support intervention easier and more effective. T FORTE may be
included with other Trinity Formulae.
T FORTE can be used as a general health tonic particularly when there is a requirement to keep the
horse free of granulomatous reaction causing lymphatic blockade, the accumulation of waste such
as in the formation of cellulite (lumpy flesh) and cold oedemas. For overweight horses, for horses
that tend to be stiff and immobile due to the constriction of capillaries caused by less soluble toxic
waste build up.
An extra dimension of benefit can often be obtained by including T40 along with other specific
measures to help horses especially when there is a degree circulatory, mobility, respiratory and
internal organ stagnation.
Feed to help combat extraneous brown fluid elimination and may be used with effect in chronic
conditions along the alimentary canal especially for fungal infections.
Introduce slowly building up to the recommended feedrate gradually over several days. This will
ensure against rejection due to the strong smell and also avoid the Herheimer reaction being too
strong, also known as the “Law of Cures” or the “Healing crisis” this can result in mobility being
further impaired for the first day or two due to the moving of a deeper often long term disturbance.
T FORTE is specific for clearing all growths and fluid based accumulations in the body. It specifically
reduces swellings, lumps – soft, hard, palpable, fixed or moveable. T FORTE can be useful in
blockages in lymphatic channels, inflammation of lymph nodes. It has been found to be effective in
tumours of all kinds, especially Hodgkin’s lymphoma type conditions.
Dissolving and discharging long term less-soluble waste metabolite build up from extracellular
spaces is more difficult to achieve than when they are first deposited, feeding T Forte halts fresh
deposition first then will eliminate such material, reduction in the softening and disappearance of
lumps and oedema will take time.


The race and sport horse’s primary energy source is carbohydrates. Not only is the daily energy requirement of importance, but just as important is how much of the ingested energy, in the form of glycogen, is stored in the muscle and how quickly that store can be made available when needed.

The properties of lecithin fulfil three functions in maximising such energy availability

  • The emulsifying property of lecithin enhances the saponification of dietary lipids in the small intestine, particularly in the young horse and the horse affected by stress which might not secrete sufficient bile for maximum lipid saponification.
  • The phospholipids of lecithin, particularly phosphatylcholine are very substantial for the inter-mediary lipid metabolism. In case of insufficient phosphatidylycholine synthesis in the liver, lecithin is supportive with regard to the formation of lipoprotein which is needed in order to avoid lipid-infiltration of the liver.
  • Most important in feeding the athletic horse is lecithin as a choline source. This choline is more effective than choline chloride. Choline from phosphatylcholine has a long acting effect on the plasma-choline level which is an indicator for the choline availability in the metabolism. In this context acetyl choline is of interest which is a neurotransmitter for nerve-impulses and it controls the skeleton muscles’ contraction.
  • Lecithin feeding reduces the recovery time because it benefits the oxygen provision of the active periphery of the horse.
  • Trinity Lecithin 50 fed at Level 3 represents about 1% of the daily diet, a satisfactory practical level that is quantifiable. It should be regularly administered in addition to the existing diet for at least three weeks to a month to a fit horse in training for optimum improvements and offered daily during the season.


    SETBACK SALTS –  Registered Client Information

Composition – Vegetable derived impure potassium salts (Yavakshara), Magnesium glycine

SETBACK SALTS are a rich source of quickly assimilated natural impure potassium and magnesium that are of particular benefit to horses and ponies suffering from the effects of physical and mental stress.

Fed at a spoonful per day Setback Salts helps to swiftly redress loss of cell fluid causing cell shrinkage due to stress leading to heart, nerve and muscle disorders and by  tension and adrenal surges that may cause fluid retention by displacing potassium which is excreted through the urine and leads to degrees of hypokalaemia.

Potassium works with magnesium to open coronary arteries and other blood vessels a deficiency at the early site of potassium assimilation upsets the body’s acid/alkali balance.

Commensurate insufficiency of early assimilatable magnesium affects cell restoration of potassium and the nervous system leading to disorders of arteries and kidneys, muscle cramps, exaggerated pulse, anxiety, peripheral vascular diseases and chronic fatigue.

Absorption of potassium can be reduced by certain prescription drugs used in combatting arthritis.

Feed Setback Salts when necessary for a period, usually 10 days or so then switch to H29 for longer term restitution of cellular balance.

Setback Salts can be fed in conjunction with all other efforts to help horse and ponies under the weather and ‘off’ form in expectation of an additional positive response.

Feed whenever a setback has occurred for at least five days or longer particularly if the setback has resulted in a change of routine, sudden boxrest or for some reason a sudden drop in forage intake has occurred. FEED SETBACK SALTS AS SOON AS POSSIBLE IN RESPONSE TO –

Laminitis in conjunction with L94

Tying Up & after the virus (with L94)

Sudden tender footedness

Urine retention and scanty or scalding urine

Off form following an upset or trauma

To swiftly help redress cellular balance, cellular integrity and cellular energy

Soil licking, Wood chewing and Dung eating and metal licking

SETBACK SALTS can be fed to help relieve itching  in conjunction with Stable C and acts on the vascular system thus helping to normalise elevated pulse rate in the feet

Feed SETBACK SALTS the very day you notice a problem however slight especially if the horse or pony has a history of laminitis or is inexplicably off form. Feeding SETBACK SALTS will do no harm even if it is a false alarm.

Included in SETBACK SALTS is the highest quality Yavakshara, hand-made from the green spikes of barley cut at about 15 inches high, sun dried and then ignited. The ash is then mixed at 1 part to 4 parts of fresh clean water, agitated and then left to settle for up to 24 hours. The clear solution is then syphoned off and the water evaporated off to leave what is known as Yavakshara  a natural occurring complex of highly available  impure potassium salts.

Footnote – Depending of course on their age, degree of health and constitution horses can usually cope with a non-life threatening trauma, their Achilles Heel is when they encounter a second trauma physical, mental or environmental before they have quite recovered from their first trauma. The second and subsequent traumas do not have to be that bad but because of the circumstances their effects can be magnified many times.  The first trauma will have affected Cellular balance, until restored the horse is particularly vulnerable it is like a hermit crab between shells. When looking for a reason for a problem look for two traumas either the first or the second can be seemingly quite innocuous       

SETBACK SALTS GREATER  –   Registered Client Information

 INGREDIENTS –  Methyl-Sulphonyl-Methane, Natural Potassium Salts – (Potassium Chloride, Potassium sulphate, Potassium Carbonate, Potassium bicarbonate), Kieselgur (freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Magnesium Oxide, Trikatu, Ascorbic acid, Selenium yeast, Vitamin A, Vitamin D3, Vitamin B1 Thiamine hydrochloride, Vitamin B2 Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid.

SETBACK SALTS GREATER (Yavakshara, MSM & Vitamin C) is essentially Setback Salts with added minerals and vitamins.

SETBACK SALTS contains  high quality Yavakshara, hand-prepared from green spikes of barley, sun dried, ignited and the ash repeatedly filtered to obtain a natural occurring complex of Potassium salts also known as Impure Potassium Salts . These are then blended with low molecular weight naturally occurring Sulphur as found in small quantities in most green plant foodstuffs and algae. Sulphur is an essential major element found in all living organisms and is present in body fluids and tissues. It helps the body heal itself, reducing inflammation, improving joint mobility and maintaining the integrity of lung tissue by opening up metabolic pathways. Methyl-Sulphonyl-Methane contributes sulphur to the disulphide bonds that are essential for the proper conformation of hair, horn and connective tissue. Hormones and antibodies receive sulphur from Methyl-Sulphonyl-Methane.

Feed SETBACK SALTS the very day you notice a problem however slight especially if the horse or pony has a history of laminitis or is inexplicably off form.

Setback Salts  assist circulation; help optimise cellular balance and help recover from a bout of laminitis (with L94). To help strengthen capillaries (with GoldenOil or TPGS-5) regain/maintain positive cellular status, help blood diffusion and overall metabolic function.

Depending on age, degree of health and constitution horses can usually cope with a non-life threatening trauma quite well, their Achilles Heel is when they encounter a second trauma either physical, mental or environmental before they have quite recovered from their first trauma, the second and subsequent traumas do not have to be that bad but because of the circumstances their effects can be magnified many times.  The first trauma will have affected Cellular balance until restored the horse is particularly vulnerable it is like a hermit crab between shells. When looking for a reason for a problem look for two traumas either the first or the second can be seemingly quite innocuous. Feed Setback Salts whenever a setback has occurred for at least 10 days or longer particularly if the setback has resulted in a change of routine, boxrest or for some reason a sudden drop in forage intake has occurred. Older horses and those suffering from arthritis, Navicular syndrome, Cushing’s, Equine Metabolic Syndrome, lymphatic and circulatory problems are very susceptible to change and suffer the effects of stress from which recovery and the ability to bounce back can be slow. Timely feeding of SETBACK SALTS can help offset such problems.

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