Gut bacteria are good and bad cowboys that ride the same range some engender peace and harmony, some seek trouble. Often there is little to divide them only some stand for law and order and some certainly not and can be lethal. Trinity PrEvent Probiotic Powder and Lactiferm Capsules are good Cowboys but they can have bad brothers. They are invaluable in helping horses thrive especially when too many of the bad guys are town. That’s as long as there is enough of them, to meet that situation Trinity Consultants mix the beneficial bacteria M74 with Dextrose or encapsulates it in gelatine capsules and recommend certain quantities to be fed. The following note explains their use and background.
INGREDIENTS – Enterococcus faecium M74 in Dextrose Monohydrate and M74 in capsule form
In the healthy horse, the lower intestinal tract will “balance” itself with near equal populations of both beneficial and harmless bacteria but when disease – producing pathogens proliferate and gain predominance, all too often this result is intestinal imbalance and a disease condition. Recognising nature has no favourites in this microbiological rivalry, horse owners and trainers can intercede on the positive side by feeding PrEvent Probiotic or Lactiferm Capsules to help redress the balance in favour of the beneficial population.
It has long been observed that any adverse situation causing a metabolic upset to horses in whatever form often results in the harbouring of increased levels of harmful coliform bacteria in the intestinal tract well before clinical symptoms of disease appear. With Equines even simple change besides any more serious upsets can result in this disease mechanism being activated. Tipping the balance in favour of co-operation as opposed the conflict by feeding PrEvent Probiotic or Lactiferm Capsules is a significant way to help the horse to help itself.
M74 Lactiferm probiotic selectively supresses harmful bacteria by
1 Modifying the local bacterial community in the intestines by competing for attachment sites (competitive exclusion)
2 Ensuring the improved use of the total diet by enhancing its nutritional value
3 Improving the immuno-responses of the metabolism to disease and the effects of stress
There are two basic categories of natural occurring micro-organisms functioning within the digestive system, namely the beneficial, non-pathogenic micro-organisms, comprising mainly of lactic acid producing species and the potentially pathogenic micro-organisms, particularly the coliform groups such as E. Coli and pathogenic Enterococci which cause disease problems. The optimum growth of pathogenic groups of micro-organisms within the intestine is pH dependant. A neutral pH climate is equally favourable for both groups, a pH of 6 is optimum for the growth of Lactobacillus and other lactic acid producing types, with the optimum range for E. Coli and other pathogenic bacteria is pH 8 to 9. Some Lactobacillus species (including Strain M74) are so successful in production of lactic acid in an endeavour to maintain a favourable environment for themselves that extreme natural secretion of acid by the stomach can be beneficially suppressed (as in cases of acidosis). All stressful situations to which the horse is exposed contribute towards an increase in intestinal pH and they are thereby likely to favour the development of pathogenic species such as E. Coli and pathogenic Enterococcus at the expense of beneficial species.
Types and numbers (per gram fresh weight contents) of micro-organisms in various sections of the gastro-intestinal tract of the horse vary considerably Enterococci bacteria are prevalent in the hind portion of the gut that encourages essential fibre digestion.
Bile Salts, produced within the liver are surface-active chemicals which aid digestion by forming polymolecular aggregates with water-insoluble lipids and fat-soluble vitamins. Bile is instrumental in blocking the passage of many live organisms into the lower intestine. Specific strains of lactobacilli (including Strain M74) can liberate free bile acids in the intestinal tract and consequently influence the balance of bacteria present within the gut. Hence a reason for feeding Trinity L94, which effectively stimulates bile production, in cases of intestinal upset.
Probiotics such as LACTIFERM CAPSULES are not medicines and should perhaps be considered as nutrients. The objective when feeding Probiotics is for beneficial organisms to dominate the harmful. It must be remembered that although the protection of gut micro flora begins within 2 hours from feeding, optimum protection is not established until approximately 30 hours after commencement of feeding.
For Foals – Intestinal balance sickens and kills more new-born foals than any other foal-hood affliction. Beginning with its passage through the latter half of the birth canal, the foetus-foal is bombarded with many kinds of disease-producing organisms, then shortly after birth it is confronted by a second microscopic brew. The teat, meant ideally to provide the new born foal with immune resistance via colostrum is also a purveyor of bacteria, carried on its exposed service. Some of the bacteria are beneficial, some harmless and some others are capable of transmitting disease. If all goes well (due to the temporary ‘gut’ immunity provided by colostrum) the lower intestinal tract will ‘balance’ itself with near equal populations of beneficial and harmless bacteria but when disease-producing pathogens proliferate and gain predominance, all too often the result is intestinal imbalance and a disease condition.
PrEvent Probiotic Powder and Lactiferm Capsules have been extensively tested in field trials and such findings confirmed in university studies as a practical and economical means of helping establish and maintain intestinal well-being in Equines. PrEvent Probiotic Powder and Lactiferm Capsules have proven especially useful under the following conditions:
- For incoming foals, yearlings and adult stock whose beneficial microflora have been dangerously depleted.
- To restore intestinal microflora in horses of all ages subject to antibiotic therapy, worming or surgery.
PrEvent Probiotic Powder – 2% ENTEROCOCCUS FAECIUM M74.
Lactiferm Capsules – 100% ENTEROCOCCUS FAECIUM M74.
FOALS – PrEvent Probiotic Powder– Feed 2 x 25ml Spoonfuls (spoon provided with powder) for the first 3 days of life by Oral doser then 1 Spoonful (25ml spoon) per day in milk replacer or top-dressed on to creep feed
ADULTS – PrEvent Probiotic Powder – During times of stress (showing, working, breeding etc) feed one to two spoonfuls once or twice per day (50 to 100g daily) with feed. PrEvent Probiotic Powder is also included in Trinity Goldenmeal where it serves to help create an ameliorating climate for maintaining and increasing condition.
ADULTS – Lactiferm Capsules – In cases of diarrhoea and intestinal upset feed up to 6 Capsules per day
Background to PrEvent Probiotic & Lactiferm Capsules –
The origins of M-74 can be traced back to Czech Republic to a Dr Endre Kvanta who worked with Claes Olsen who was in the bee pollen business and had a good relationship with the Czech government at the time. Initial production started in the Kvanta basement; probably his wife Judit was the most responsible. Then the research attracted the attention of the Swedish based Bonnier family and specifically Uncle Albert who was a true entrepreneur who started over 100 companies. It was after he died the family decided to sell their interest in the probiotics and M-74 was embraced by world recognition in all forms of livestock. M-74 was first isolated from the gut of a particularly healthy human baby and was first named Streptococcus faecium then changed to Enterococcus faecium to be better categorised with European legislation.