MPORTANT NOTE – All formulae listed are to help support the horse or pony and its metabolism (to help the horse help itself) and must not be considered as any form of medical help or cure. In all cases of illness consult a veterinarian. Trinity Consultants study and advise on practical nutrition for Equines to maintain good health and performance and good supportive nutrition. A number of the formulae listed below are attempts to help in specific circumstances and are not and must not be interpreted as medicines of any kind.
Feeding rates – All references to horses when no body weight is mentioned refers to 500/550 Kgs
“In nature we never see anything isolated, but everything in connection with something else which is before it, beside it, under it and over it”. – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832
Trinity complimentary feed formulae
Specific nutritional support for the Horses, Ponies and Donkeys
- All recommended daily feed rates are for 500-600 Kg Body weight.
- Prices are a subject to change without notice and are a guide only.
- There will be NO addition charge on formulae sent to Continental Europe, Highland of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Eire and the Isle of Man
- Note – BB (Bespoke Blend) formulae prepared solely for an individual horse or pony are not listed here.
AH181 Keynote – Respiration – LIQUID
Feed AH181 to support the nutrition of horses and ponies. Feed 25ml twice daily or when needed three times per day on occasions when air pollution is exceptionally high. One bottle will last 20 days at 50ml fed per day. Candlewick Oil that can be fed in conjunction with AH181 or as a follow on.
FREQUENTLY FED PROGRAMME TO SUPPORT RESPIRATORY HEALTH
Please note the programme below gives extra nutritional support and in no way is an alternative to medical and other professional help and advice.
DAY 1 – Start feeding 25ml of AH181 twice or three times per day mixed in to the regular bucket feed
DAY 10 – Continue feeding AH181 at 25ml twice per day reviewing the situation. If necessary now also feed Candlewick Oil or leave till after AH181 finishes on Day 20. Depending on the individual horse or pony a further litre of AH181 can also be continued with.
ALPHA-SELENIUM – POWDER
Include one spoonful (25ml) per day in the regular bucket feed of horses and ponies where extra Vitamin E and Selenium (in the form of safe Selenium Yeast) are required. One spoonful per day Vit E 1875 iu/15g feed – Selenium 1.25 mg/15g feed. Two spoonfuls per day Vit E 3750iu/30g feed – Selenium 2.5 mg/30g feed.
ARBOR P Keynote – Skin – LIQUID
ATTITUDE ADJUSTER – Keynote – Temperament (Hormonal) – LIQUID
To help support hormone balance and provide for an increase in intracellular & blood Magnesium levels and help impart a sweeter disposition. Feed around 50ml per day for at least 20 days or longer. The formula is gentle, non-toxic and non-addictive that helps to naturally help the body.
A-Z WASH – Keynote – Skin – TOPICAL LIQUID
An Azadirachta (Margosa, Nimba, Neem,) wash or spray for horses with skin irritations. Dilute a table spoonful into a litre of water to make up a milk, then wash or spray trying if you can to penetrate to the skin if possible. Spray or wash daily to build up an active micro-layer. Use A-z wash for at least 2 weeks on a day to day basis.
B51- Keynote – Skin
Feed B51 to support the healthy granulation of tissue. It is a natural systemic purifier supporting the cleansing mechanisms of the blood. Feed at 100ml per day for at least 10 days and then if necessary a further 50ml per day for the next 20 days.
BELGIAN FORMULA – Keynote – Mobility Support – POWDER
This the classic 2 parts MSM and 1 part Glucosamine hydrochloride for feeding to horses to help support mobility. Feed a 25 ml spoonful per day for a month on a continuous basis.
MSM is a naturally occurring organic source of biologically available Sulphur. It is found in all living organisms and is present in body fluids and tissues. MSM contributes sulphur to the disulphide bonds that are essential for the proper conformation of hair, horn and connective tissue. Hormones and antibodies receive sulphur from MSM. GLUCOSAMINE HCL is the major building material of water loving proteoglycans and is needed to make glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), proteins that bind water in the cartilage matrix. Glucosamine’s presence helps the body’s natural repair mechanisms.
CAMOLA – Keynote – Intestinal function & Temperament – OIL
Feeding CAMOLA OIL helps support digestive systems. This is the supplementary oil to feed for undue restlessness and nervous tension. It provides a degree of relaxation to horses that tend to internalise tension.
Composition – Chamomilla recutita (German Chamomile flowers), Curcuma longa extract (Curcumin) cold infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), Natural tocopherols (Vitamin E) extracted from Wheat Germ.
CANDLEWICK- Keynote – Respiration & condition – OIL
Double infused Verbascum thapsus (Mullein/Candlewick flowers) in Sunflower oil with Vitamin E from the extract of Wheat germ Oil and Curcumin the extract of Turmeric. Feed early on to support horses that generally sensitive to pollen, dust and other polluting substances. Candlewick oil also imparts outstanding appearance.
CANDLEWICK OIL can be fed in conjunction with AH181 if necessary or as a follow-on to feeding AH181
CAVENA – Keynote – Energy restoration – CRUMBS
This unique 18% Oil 18% Protein blend of human grade Porridge Oats (Oats without the husks) Marigold petal double infused Sunflower Oil and Steam cooked dry extruded whole ground soybeans is ideal for safely increasing the energy density of the diet by small amounts either for restoring energy or by maintaining it .
Fully stabilised Pinhead Groats (Avena sativa), Heat treated steam extruded whole ground soybeans, Golden Oil, (see details under GoldenOil). Stevia rotundiflora ext
Energy density is the amount of energy available for utilisation per kilo of feed. For example, straw and high fibre chop is low in energy density so this means the horse or pony has to eat a lot to get a little, this may fit sedentary animals especially those with little requirement for any extra energy to build up condition but not for those using more energy for activity or those that need to restore extra tissue and membrane because they would mathematically have to eat more than they are able to. The answer is to start raising energy density. Good hay and grazing will raise the bar a little but if the energy concentration of the hay is less than what the horse needs in every kilo it eats in a day that may still not be adequate. Grass will raise it a little more but then another problem can be encountered d, that of sufficient time, this is because grass is in most part water so to raise the energy more than a little long hours grazing is needed and that may not be practical or possible. This is where CAVENA comes in as what is needed is a small quantity of a very safe high density feed to add to the diet or lots of a medium density feed, CAVENA is the former very safe very palatable and quite free of contaminants of grains and by products designated for animal consumption only. CAVENA is also excellent as a small addition to the diet of horses and ponies that for various reasons are permanently only allowed a low calorie high fibre diet as it provides some welcome oil and quite importantly some glycogen that is necessary for sufficient enzyme production in the liver for the metabolism
Composition – Fully stabilised Pinhead Groats (Avena sativa), Heat treated steam extruded whole ground soybeans, Calendula officinalis (Marigold flowers), & Curcuma longa extract (Curcumin) twice infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), Ascorbic acid, Vitamin E, Vitamin E obtained from Wheat Germ Oil.
CIRCA ELEVEN – Keynote – Circulation – LIQUID
Sustains circulation providing positive diffusive support to arterial and capillary circulation.
CHOLEX – Keynote – Stamina, Speed of recovery & Sensibility OIL
This Lecithin based feeding oil for all horses and ponies is excellent for skin and haircoat growth, stamina and recovery. It has excellent anti-oxidant properties and can help support the horses’ metabolism. May be fed to breeding horses and those competing under rules. Feed at 80ml per day (2 x 20ml twice per day) mixed in with a suitable chop or fibrous carrier. For smaller ponies fed 60ml per day 2lts will be required and at 100ml per day for larger horses they will require 3lts.
Just as important as the adequate provision of nutrients is the assimilation and utilisation of nutrients The two facets are of course intertwined but sometimes in some situations, it can be advantageous to feed a specific supplement that is as much to do with the metabolism than just plain feeding.
Metabolism is the way the body works, all the good feed in the world is of little advantage if the body is less than capable of doing something with it. This action is collectively referred to as the metabolism and concerns the chemical changes and physical processes whereby A) Energy is created for the body’s vital activities and B) Old cells are replaced by new ones. The metabolism is dependent upon a chemical interaction promoted by enzymes which are substances produced in the body acting as a catalyst to trigger chemical change in another. Complex substances are thereby broken down into simple compounds to facilitate assimilation and absorption as in the digestive juices. Attention to the liver, digestive organs and endocrine glands in the form of a constant metabolic support can be very helpful. CHOLEX provides such support. It is a non-drug multi-facet feeding oil that supports horses and ponies. A little high grade oil included in the diet of such horses is a particularly good practice to pursue as it provides a ‘quiet energy’ source often needed in the absence of dietary carbohydrates, added to this Cholex provides extra Choline in a very acceptable form and Tocopherols (Vitamin E), the first essential antioxidants.
Store at ambient temperature not allowing the bottle to get too cold and the Cholex to become too thick to dispense
Composition – Soy lecithin, Calendula flowers, cold infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), Natural tocopherols (Vitamin E) dervived from from Wheat Germ.
CHOLEX CRUMBS- Keynote – Stamina, Speed of Recovery & Sensibility FATTY CRUMBS
The crumbs are a solid alternative form to Cholex Oil and can be more convenient to feed in cold weather. Fed at two 300ml Mugs per day (one twice per day) they are very palatable and encourage appetite for the bucket-fed feed. Two 6 kg packs is sufficient for a month’s feeding for the typical 500-600 Kg horse. Various explanations of there benefits are listed in a number of Lecithin enhanced (LE) formulae available and in the explanations in Lecithin 50. A longer explanation is also listed which sets out the role Cholex can play in energy utilisation in the Racehorse.
CONVELIX – Keynote – Supports recovery, mobility & coat condition – OIL
Convelix is double infused Comfrey root with other natural herbs in Sunflower oil left to mature for a period not less than 6 weeks.
COPE – Keynote – Mild natural aid to comfort – POWDER
COPE POWDER for horses is a complementary feed containing a blend of naturally occurring MSM phytoplakton derived compounds.
DO NOT FEED UNDER RULES
C7 Keynote – PITUITARY SUPPORT – POWDER
C7 is formulated from safe plants known to be beneficial to the pituitary gland with emphasis on specific nutrition that supports pituitary and adrenal function with extra levels of soluble Vitamin E, the various Vitex species, Centella and Dioscorea.
ELECTROS – Keynote – Electrolyte balance -POWDER
Equinourish – LIQUID
The unique multi-functional natural feed for all horses and ponies including competition and breeding stock consists of 60% of a blend of concentrated seaweeds especially processed to increase their Mineral Exchange Efficiency (absorption) over that of already excellent raw seaweed. Presenting it in this way really suits the Equine’s quite singular digestive system in addition 40% of the formula is concentrated natural herbs renowned for their on-going benefits to the Equine liver and pancreas.
EQUINOURISH – Is one is of the richest and most varied sources of organic minerals and micro-nutrients, easily assimilated and capable of nourishing the entire system of the horse blended with an age old ultra-reliable gentle liver, kidney and pancreatic functionary to aid eliminatory organs in disposing of metabolic wastes and toxins from the system. Of considerable importance in the maintenance of healthy skin, lungs and hooves and a unique ability to reinforce the existing nutritional parameters provided by good forage and other feeds in the daily diet. The unique make up of EQUINOURISH helps support the horse to maintain good resistance and metabolic function needed to deal with the rigours presented by a modern-day existence.
Composition – Fucus Vesiculosis (Bladderwrack), Ascophyllum nodosum (Norwegian kelp), Laminaria digitata (Oarweed), Fucus Vesiculosis extract , Taraxacum officinalis extract (Dandelion root), Arctium lappa extract (Burdock root), Zingiber officinalis extract (Ginger root), Stevia rotudifolia extract, a concentrated blend of Eucalptus globulus, (Blue Gum), Thymus serpyllum (Wild Thyme), Origanum vulgare (Wild Marjoram), Allium sativum (Garlic), Rosmarins officinalis (Rosemary), Salvia officinalis (Red Sage) essential oils, active ingredients in accordance with E C Directive 1831/2003 ISO 22.000 and the related up grading with GRAS (Generally Recognised As Safe) from USA FDA (Food and Drugs Administration, USDA/NOP REG No NP1178 .
Equinourish – POWDER
The 25ml blue spoons that accompanies Equinourish Powder contains approximately 20 g so for the 500Kg bodyweight horse feed 5 spoons a day , say two in the morning and three at night or another combination if feeding more than twice per day.
Composition – Fucus Vesiculosis (Bladderwrack), extract , Taraxacum officinalis extract (Dandelion root), Arctium lappa extract (Burdock root), Achillea millefolium, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae) , Zingiber officinalis extract (Ginger root), Turbinella pyrum (processed), Essential oils of Piper nigrum, Eucalptus globulus, (Blue Gum), Rosmarins officinalis (Rosemary), Tea Tree , Stevia rotudifolia Ext .
Equinourish LE – POWDER
Feed Equinourish LE at 3 measures per day this provides Level 1 of 96% Lecithin in the diet per day in conjunction with Equinourish. Two 1.5kg foil packs of Equinourish LE is sufficient for a month. If necessary feed in conjunction with Western Salts or if Level 2 of lecithin is required (66g/Day) then per day ) then feed with Western Salts LE or a proportion of Lecithin 50
Composition – Soy lecithin, Fucus Vesiculosis (Bladderwrack) soluble extract ,Taraxacum officinalis extract (Dandelion root), Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Zingiber officinalis extract (Ginger root), Stevia glycoside.
All EQUINOUSH FEEDERS ARE ENTITLED TO REGULAR WORM COUNT SERVICE FREE OF CHARGE.
THE TRINITY CONCEPT DIET
The Equinourish concept diet is a reliable uncomplicated way of feeding all types of horses and ponies so they look and perform to their optimal genetic potential.
Equinourish is an all-natural complimentary liquid feed to be included in a bucket feed for all types of horses and ponies fed in addition to adequate amounts of hay and grazing. EQUINOURISH provides all the micro nutrients that with forage sustain the well-being and health of loved and valued horses and ponies.
The concept diet below is adopted by horse owners and trainers everywhere it is uncomplicated and easy to change to. The EQUINOURISH CONCEPT DIET does not exclude the addition of necessary extras specifically for the individual animal but what it does do is substantially reduce lots of different feeds and supplements by rendering them superfluous.
It is no coincidence that the best looking horses on the yard are fed EQUINOURISH, nor is it denied EQUINOURISH is a premium feed and industrially produced complimentary feeds cost less but taking into account all aspects of horse nutrition that may not be quite the case.
1. Feed good hay available on a more or less free access basis (following gradual transition for horses and ponies that have been rationed) when not grazing
2. Feed a small quantity of a suitable proprietary chop that smells nice and is not discoloured and musty. As plain as possible, feed value is of no concern as its role is only as a base to bulk out and slow down the bucket feed.
3. Good grass hay should be sought but if it is only possible to obtain well-made but late-cut hay that has a lot of old seed head and can be liken to grass straw more that grass hay then add a kilo or so per day of dried grass meal or pellets should be supplement the hay with the similar herbage
4. Feed EQUINOURISH at 100ml per day ideally split into two feed but if that is not possible then feed the total in one bucket feed.
5. Should it be necessary an extra complimentary cover, especially in areas where Selenium is deficient, add one spoonful of WESTERN SALTS to the evening feed daily.
The above ration meets or exceeds the requirements of a healthy pleasure horse should work, degree of condition and circumstance make it necessary some GOLDENOIL, GOLDENMEAL OR PORRIDGE OATS can be added to the diet.
For active horses and ponies especially those involved in regular high heartbeat exertion
Feed Pinhead Groats (or porridge oats) starting at 500g per day or good quality rolled/bruised feeding oats if available from 1 kilo per day upwards. If there is any doubt that the rolled oats do not have a density of 400g/litre or more mix the lower density oats with some flaked maize at 60 oats 40 flaked maize ratio alternatively chose to feed a good quality coarse mixture as near to its manufacturing date as possible.
Further small additions for the individual horse or pony are many and advice can be given if needed on the timely feeding L94 & Rexflo for liver and circulatory support extra to that of Equinourish and other Feeding Oils and Lecithin feeding etc that may suit a particular situation.
EVENKEEL 1 -Keynote – Anxiety, nervousness and uncharacteristic behaviour.
DO NOT FEED IF COMPETING UNDER RULES
A powder formula suggested for feeding spooky, worried and anguished horses that can become rigid with fear, freezing up with tension, may not bolt but can with a series of stressful events just explode – bucking, rearing or taking off. Even in relatively low-stress situations muscles are not truly relaxed if nervous underneath. EVENKEEL 1 helps to relax muscular tension and uncharacteristic behaviour and unfounded anxiousness. Formulated to help maintain composure and combat changes in temperament due to stress. Feed at two to three spoons per day feeding more will not harm. Typically freezes up with his tension, rather than bolting, if he encounters a series of stressful events, he may just explode – bucking, rearing or taking off especially if the horse feels that it is he or she alone that must do something as opposed to transferring responsibility someone in control.
Composition – Passiflora incernata, Valeriana officinalis, Kieselgur (freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Magnesium phosphate, Magnesium oxide, L-Tryptophan, Vitamin B1 Thiamine hydrochloride.
EVENKEEL 2 -Keynote – Anxiety, nervousness and uncharacteristic behaviour.
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
A powder formulated to help maintain composure in equines similar to those suggested for EVENKEEL 1 but devoid of Valerian that cannot be fed to horses under rules .
EVENKEEL 3 – Keynote- Ultra sensitivity & nervous tension
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
This powder formula is suggested for horses that are very sensitive and can be ultra-conscious of often tiny contacts with the skin and are very nervous and jumpy without being necessarily afraid or upset. Horses that are at times perfectly well behaved but on other occasions cannot stand still and act up. Not always novices , well trained and experienced well schooled horses can pass through such phases.
EVENKEEL 4 – Keynote – Internalised worry & upset
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
It is suggested that this EvenKeel formula is fed to horses and ponies where tension and anxiety manifests itself through its digestive system. Signs of external stress can be like other nervine types so he or she may be ‘spooky’ but the effects of stress is more in the gut. EVENKEEL 4 can help to maintain the health of its digestive system.
EVENKEEL 5 – Keynote – Uncharacteristic behaviour away from home stables
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
If necessary, add this liquid formula for several days leading up to competition when, although settled at home, it is anticipated that behaviour will alter when strangers and new surrounding are encountered. Feed the night before and again on the morning of the show or competition. For feeding to horses that are prone to anticipatory stress prior to showing and dressage competition when it is important to try to maintain composure and avoid uncharacteristic behaviour.
EVENKEEL 6 – Keynote – Uncharacteristic behaviour in mares
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
An excellent powder formula for erratic hypersensitive mares that although good at times can be temperamental mares and difficult to rely on. The combination of ingredients help support a higher level of tolerance to more common everyday events likely to occur during schooling and competition helping to offset lapses in concentration. EVENKEEL 6 is safe to feed for long periods and there are no known counter indications as to its use, gently support conformity with robbing the mare of her own character and individualism. Feed at around 50g per day.
EVENKEEL 7 – Keynote – Calmer and anaphrodisiac for hormonal Stallions & Riggs and recently cut geldings
Feed EVENKEEL 7 to help reduce inappropriate behaviour due to stress of hormone activity in Stallions and riggy Geldings. Late cut geldings can often remain ‘stallionish’ for quite a time especially if they had developed behavioural habits which can be re-triggered by the presence of a new horse to the yard or when put in unfamiliar surroundings.
Feed to start with at 80 to 100 ml per day split into at least two feeds. The amount can be gradually reduced to lower feedrates depending on the individual. Mainly aimed at helping reduce excess sexual desire, it can be fed if necessary to females if found useful (also see EvenKeel 6). The formula naturally helps to calm the horse without robbing it of its innate character. No harmful effects are recorded EvenKeel 7 can be fed to show and competition horses competing under rules.
NOTE – If for extreme reasons there is a temporary need to support temperament threshold levels further add two or three teaspoonfuls of EvenKeel Extra to the bucket feed whilst still feeding EvenKeel 7 but please be aware although of no harm what so ever this action will mean no longer competing and showing under rules.
DO NOT FEED IF COMPETING UNDER RULES
Do not feed under any circumstances to horses and ponies entered in competition under F.E.I. or any other competition rules. Evenkeel Extra is a small quantity “Top Up” complimentary feed to add to the diet of equines that need additional help when mental conflict is bad or worse from time to time and it is necessary to help more.
Add EvenKeel Extra for a short period of time at about 15g per day (one rounded 25ml Spoon). When not fed in addition to other efforts to help temperament, then 30g per day (two rounded spoons or more). A 250g pack will last just over a fortnight, enough time to give that little extra calming help. You will need 500 g or more if not fed with a calmer.
Composition – Valleriana officinalis 1:4 to 1: 5 Chineses concentrate.
EYE 9 – Keynote – Eye health – LIQUID
Nutritional support for eyes.
EYERIGHT- Keynote – Eye health (Topical) – TOPICAL CONCENTRATED LIQUID
For making Golden Eye solution. Add spoonfuls to a cup of boiling water, let cool and sponge as a salve.
FLYBYE OIL – Keynote- Insect deterrent – TOPICAL OIL
Retain a sponge or suitable cloth to leave a trace of oil around the face, belly and other parts of the body where the horse or pony is particularly plagued by flies and midges. Several days of application will result in less insect agitation making the situation more comfortable. FLYBYE Oil is Sitaphal oil the oil from the immature fruit of the custard apple. It has no side effects except that insects do not like it and will consequently tend to be attracted elsewhere. Please note – FLYBYE is not a fly killer and contains no toxic substances that will harm the horse either when licked or through the skin.
Composition -Annona squamosa (Immature Sitaphal oil ), Lavandula angustifolia ess oil, Cymbopogon ess oil, Mentha piperita ess oil.
Comprehensive nutritional support for poor and itching skin and hoof repair. FORMULA 4161 is a multi-functional metabolism and immune supporting formula. Feed a course for two months or longer if necessary. Formula 4161 is the most complete complimentary feed formulated by Trinity Consultants in nutrients most likely to be deficient in the horse’s diet.
Composition – Methyl-sulphonyl-methane, Vitamin E, L-Lysine, DL Methionine, L-Cysteine, Potassium chloride, Zinc Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Copper Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Magnesium oxide, Ananassa stevia extract (Bromelain), Selenium Yeast, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K), Vitamin C, Bromlain, Glycine, Biotin, Yeast, Chromium polynicotinate.
FW1661 – Keynote – Digestive – POWDER
A safe and natural supplement to support horses with instances of faecal water caused by a disruptive gastric function; quite often initiated by an inhospitable environment in the gut for positive bacteria to thrive.
G59 DIGÉSTIF – Keynote – Digestion – LIQUID
A formula to support a healthy digestion system. Similar to Strong Condimental relied upon by the cavalry but in liquid form. Also see Strong Condimental.
GLANDEX 247 – Keynote – Skin & Glands LIQUID
A specific nutritional support to Equines after a viral infection. In addition, feed GLANDEX 247 as a support for the well-being of Horses and Ponies with itchy skin.
GLANDEX 247 can play a vital role in helping long term skin health.
Feed 50 ml per day. Initially feed with Stable C when necessary.
GOLDENMEAL – Keynote – Muscle and condition – POWDER
Steamed cooked extruded whole ground extruded soybeans, Calcium carbonate, Calcined magnesite, Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Youdan Selected Microcell Strain), Salt, Curcuma longa extract, Enterococcus faecium M74 Probiotic. Provides additional calories, intracellular oil and amino acids for an increase in muscle, condition, good haircoat and general well-being and to help withstand the rigours of competition whilst not upsetting digestion or changing temperament.
0.075 x 109CFU/g. Enterococcus faecium M74 (NCIMB 11181, EC no 15)
0.075 x 109 CFU/g. Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae EC no R404
The heat and pressure of extrusion increases the digestibility of its protein content also reduces the globule size intercellular oil as the whole soybeans are discharged boiling in their own oil which being intercellular contains it own emulsifying lecithin content enabling it to broken down and utilised by convalescing horses and those with an impaired or aging constitution.
Feed for as long as necessary. Goldenmeal is particularly good to feed to Mares in the first part of lactation especially early in the year or when grazing is less than optimum. It maintains both milk production and milk quality.
When included in a diet consisting mainly of roughage (fibrous material) Goldenmeal will positively contribute to muscle tone and haircoat appearance, when fed with added starchy feeds (Cooked Barley, Flaked maize etc) and adequate roughage, it completes the energy balance that will provide extra weight and condition. When fed in conjunction with good bushel weight Oats, Goldenmeal makes a positive contribution to sustained racing performance.
Goldenmeal has a soothing effect on the digestive system and a gently beneficial effect on the liver, on mobility and immunity through its antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. Goldenmeal carotene content is readily converted into Vitamin A when demand is necessary.
Goldenmeal provides an osmolyte accumulation in the cells that attracts water allowing the horse to maintain water balance in a more energy-efficient way. This means that the horse uses less energy to maintain its water balance and more energy for growth and health cell creation.
Goldenmeal is an excellent methyl donor. Methyl groups are involved in hundreds of metabolic reactions including the creation of phospholipids an important component of cell membranes, tissue repair and immune response functions. It is also a source of Phospholipids (as lecithin) in its own right.
GOLDENOIL – Keynote – Skin & haircoat condition – OIL
INTERNAL SUNSHINE. Calendula (Pot Marigolds) are grown in deep-beds and the flowers are gathered in the height of summer almost everyday and dried. The petals are one of the most versatile of beneficial herbs and contain a unique oil, these are infused twice over in Sunflower Oil to which is added some extract from the vitamin E in Wheatgerm and some Curcumin . Finally after some 6 to 8 weeks the blend is bottled off and ready for use as GOLDENOIL to provide an excellent antioxidant with remarkable general health and skin conditioning qualities that gives show horses a massive advantage especially when fed with Equinourish and are invariably the best looking horses on the yard.
Composition – Calendula (Marigold flowers), Curcuma longa extract (Curcumin) cold infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), TPGS (d-alpha-tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate), d-alpha-tocopherol, mixed tocopherols.
H29 – Keynote – Activity, mood, performance – EMULSION
H29 is a white emulsion not unpalatable to Horses and Ponies. It is usually fed twice per day at 25 ml per feed If more is fed choose a further time of day to feed it. H29 “Recharges” and is fed to nullify the effects of day to day stresses especially if a horse is in work or following a period of stress. If the horse is active there is always a succession of little traumas occurring. Feed H29 when a horse or pony is:
- Not content at rest or when ridden or driven not so obliging
- Will not stand still anymore
- Condition lacking regardless of ample feeding and levels of protein
- Muscles are quite hard and not yielding and fluid
- Lethargic i.e. everything seems an effort
- Lack of stamina even though flighty and not content
- Marks, callouses and corns appear with the slightest wear and tear
- Bouts of wariness and uncertainty in familiar places, not so confident
- Reduced enthusiasm and vigour no longer so interested
- Spooky despite feeding extra magnesium and other measures taken
- Feed for four days before travelling – during transportation. Whilst away from home stables continue to feed everyday with the regular feed. Feed to new arrivals to the yard for a period of 10 days
HONEY COMPLEX 1756 – Keynote – Mare behaviour & control – LIQUID
Overall Heart support.
Composition -Crataegus laevegata,Convallaria majalis, Achillea millefolium, Honey
Feed as a Kidney flush and urinary tonic at 100ml for 10 days.
Keynote – Probiotic
Six Capsules /day equates to 93.6 x 109 CFU’S per day 60 CAPS
Three Capsules /day equates to 46.8 x 109 CFU’S per day 120 CAPS
Lactiferm probiotic works by:
1. Modifying the local bacterial community in the intestines by competing for attachment sites (competitive exclusion)
2. Ensuring the improved use of the total diet by enhancing its nutritional value
M74 has been extensively tested in field trials and such findings confirmed in university studies. As a practical and economical means of helping maintain intestinal wellbeing in equines Lactiferm Capsules have proven especially useful to support intestinal microflora in horses of all ages.
Background to LACTIFERM CAPSULES (M74)
The origins of M-74 can be traced back to Czech Republic to a Dr Kvanta who worked with Claes Olsen who was in the bee pollen business and had a relationship with the Czech government at the time. Initial production started in the Kvanta basement; probably Judit (Endre’s wife) was probably the most responsible. Then the research attracted the attention of the Swedish based Bonnier family and specifically Uncle Albert who was a true entrepreneur who started over 100 companies. It was after he died the family decided to sell their interest in the probiotic and M-74 was embraced by world recognition in all forms of livestock. M-74 was first named Streptococcus faecium then changed to Enterococcus faecium to be better categorised with EU legislation.
L94 – Keynote – Liver – LIQUID
The Pick-me-up, liver tonic and detox for Equines. Can be fed as a 10 day course as a general ‘Pick-Me-Up’ or for longer when required as a nutritional supplement for the liver, pancreatic, kidney and spleen. Suitable for all Equines including breeding stock, young stock and competition horses.
Capparis spinosa, Cichorium indybus, Terminalia arjuna, Solanum nigrum, Cassia occidentalis , Achillea millefolium, Tamarix gallica, Zingiber officinalis, a concentrated blend of Eucalptus globulus, (Blue Gum), Thymus serpyllum (Wild Thyme), Origanum vulgare (Wild Marjoram), Allium sativum (Garlic), Rosmarins officinalis (Rosemary), Salvia officinalis (Red Sage) essential oils, active ingredients in accordance with E C Directive 1831/2003 ISO 22.000 and the related up grading with GRAS (Generally Recognised As Safe) from USA FDA (Food and Drugs Administration, USDA/NOP REG No NP1178.
LECITHIN THE UNRIVALLED NUTRIENT
Lecithin is the only natural emulsifier. It is comprised of a mixture of 5 phospholipids. These polar lipids are the active ingredients (or business end) of what is collectively known as lecithin. In simple terms they are water-loving fats, which means that they have the special ability to make phases, which otherwise would not mix, mix homogeneously. This makes lecithin particularly good as an emulsifier but also a dispersing aid, wetting agent, surfactant and antioxidant. There are however also nutritional benefits for the liver, brain and immune system support.
LECITHIN IN TRINITY FORMULAE
When appropriate and possible some of the Trinity Complimentary feed formulae are also available with Lecithin added. These are indicated with the suffix LE (Lecithin Enhanced). There are also three other predominantly Lecithin formulae namely CHOLEX OIL a purpose formulated feeding oil for supporting metabolism. RACEBACK for returning and maintaining optimum performance in race and sport horses and LECITHIN 50 a formula for feeding Lecithin separately to all horses and ponies whenever required.
LECITHIN 50 – Keynote -Recovery adjunct and Performance – POWDER
Lecithin 50 is the ideal practical way of feeding varying levels of Lecithin. Balanced and pleasant tasting it can be easily added to any existing diet without compromising any pre-calculations. Lecithin 50 provides an extra dimension to the diet of all horses. Lecithin is “a feed within a feed” and one of the most significant nutrients to emerge in the last 40 years.
Lecithin provides Choline essential to make Acetylcholine a compound for brain function that causes muscle action by transmitting nerve impulses and encouraging the body to discharge the important hormones Norepinephrine and Epinephrine (Adrenaline) that help with fear and anger.
Other benefits may include:
- Improvement in stamina and speed of recovery
- Movement and equalization of Body Fats
- Digestion and gastrointestinal constancy
- Increased mental reception and sensibility
Although much has been done in Lecithin 50 to make lecithin feeding easier it must still be kept sealed and dry when not being dispensed.
LEVEL 3. Feeding 6 measures per day (33g/measure) equates to feeding 100g/day of pure lecithin which is 6 kg for a month.
LEVEL 2. Feeding 4 measures per day equates to feeding 66g/day of pure lecithin which is 4 kg for a month.
LEVEL 1. Feed 2 measures per day which equates to feeding 33g/day of pure lecithin which is 2kg for a month.
Composition – Soy lecithin (Phospholipids), Processed Turbinella pyrum, Tripotassium citrate, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Magnesium oxide, Stevia rotundifolia.
“HOW LECITHIN IMPROVES PERFORMANCE
The horse accesses two fuel sources reserves, Glycogen for high heartbeat work and fats for lower heartbeat work. The amount of reserves they have stored for potential use varies according to genetic capability, total dietary input, and energy density of the feed, ease of assimilation and feed conversion and energy expenditure. In total the amount of Glycogen stored in the horse unhampered by stress and insufficiency equates to approximately 3½ minutes worth of which nearly 90% is available for kinetic energy the rest being vital for liver function to produce red blood cells, help maintain immunity and fuel for a number of other tissue functions. The amount of energy reserves in the form of fats can equally vary considerably in theory if all available for access possibly more than 18 hours’ worth before actual cell degeneration takes place to provide energy (break down of protein).
At steady low heartbeat the horse is running on fats, there is time for fats to be burnt and produce energy any sudden rise in heartbeat requires the faster provision of energy and the horse clicks into using its glycogen stores until the conversion of fats into energy can catch up (second wind) or the exertion is beyond the horses capability to burn fats quick enough. When high heartbeat is sustained approaching close to VO2 max then muscles can only be fuelled by glycogen. Such a complex scenario of variables results in hundreds of possibilities occurring. Genetics plays a huge part in the horse’s reserve capacity of both fats and glycogen the simplest example of this being seen in the difference in the Racehorse and the Carthorse. Overall health and the avoidance, as much as possible of stress, has such immense ramifications that consideration of these facts are quite enough near alone the finer points of energy reserves and critical utilisation nevertheless in every performance horse the following rules and facts apply –
1. The most potent source of energy supply is ‘full reserve’ of glycogen that is because as glycogen reserves are used so they are further from combustion so less efficient the fuel becomes and the horse that starts the race fully topped up with glycogen will always prevail (everything else being equal) over the horse that starts with half a tankful, quite the opposite to the motor car.
2. The higher the heartbeat reaches still using fats the less glycogen will be needed. Top performance is all about sparing glycogen and a sort of argument in the same vein applies to the most movable fat stores for it is these that that can be quickly mobilised.
In every case there is a strong argument for feeding Lecithin, energy cannot be transferred from one muscle to another lecithin distributes fats to the muscle cells more evenly better distribution means less likelihood of one group of muscles letting the side down whilst energy from other cells is far from exhausted. Lecithin also reduces the “hard to access” fats this means more “fast fats” able to be burnt at higher heartbeat indirectly aiding glycogen sparing. Lecithin also directly influences glycogen sparing by help in Glycogenesis and Gluconeogenesis increasing the body’s production of glycogen (cell stored carbohydrate). It also has a profound effect on how the mind and the body deals with stress, Lecithin contains two vital nutrients Choline and Inositol both are in the most accessible and efficient forms vital for brain concentration and thought function.
A common comment of trainers feeding Lecithin to racehorses is that they come out of their races very well.
Chelated Magnesium glycine and Magnium Oxide to make up for dietary Magnesium deficiency and imbalance.
Composition – Magnesium Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Magnesium oxide.
MAGFLUID – Keynote – Magnesium – LIQUID
A swift, available and convenient source of absorbable Magnesium to make up for dietary Magnesium deficiency and imbalance.
MICROCELL 60 – Keynote Pre/Probiotic & Enzymes – POWDER
Provides Bromelain a natural protlytic enzyme in combination with live yeast culture, Probiotic and appropriate vitamins. Can be fed on continual basis either at 40g (2x25ml Spoons per day) or for some horses it is still beneficial at half feed rate (20g – One 25ml Spoonful per day).
Bromelain 100 Gelatin digesting units/g
Enterococcus Faecium 0.75 x109 CFU’S (Colony forming units)/g Lyophilized bacteria product in a specific carrier. REG NO NCIB 11181 BRUSSELS NOM 3002900 EC No 15.
Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae EC no R404 0.075 x 109 CFU/g.
Composition – Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Youdan Selected Microcell Strain), Vitamin C, Ananassa stevia extract (Bromelain), Vitamin E, Stevia rotundifolia, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Vitamin B1 Thiamine hydrochloride, Vitamin B2 Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K), Enterococcus faecium M74 on a Diatom algae base
MSM is a naturally occurring organic source of biologically available Sulphur. It is found in all living organisms and is present in body fluids and tissues. MSM contributes sulphur to the disulphide bonds that are essential for the proper conformation of hair, horn and connective tissue. Hormones and antibodies receive sulphur from MSM.
Composition – 98.8% Methyl-Sulphonyl-Methane
NOOF – OIL
NOOF is pure Azadirachta indica oil. The natural anti-fungal, antiseptic properties coupled with its natural fly repellent properties makes it ideal for applying to abrasions and to the haircoat. Also paint into hoof sand cracks and white lines. Apply with a suitable cloth, brush or with the fingers. NOOF can crystallise and go solid at less than ambient temperature, bring indoors or put bottle in hot water before applying in cold weather.
Composition – Azadiracta indica oil IS TOTALLY BIODEGRADABLE COLD PRESSED OIL OF AZADIRACHTA INDICA ( also know as MARGOSA, INDIAN LILAC, NIMBA, NEEM.). Harmless if ingested.
PALMAGUNDI OIL – Keynote – Topical for muscle stiffness, wear, tear and bruising – OIL
Gently massage into muscle formation and bruising with the fingers every day or every other day. This unique blend of cold drawn Palma Christi and Negundi oil is a highly effective and versatile oil for massaging legs and other parts of the horse’s body. It acts as a biochemical precursor of prostaglandins.
Harmless if licked Palmagundi Oil may be applied to horses and ponies competing under rules
Composition – Ricinus communis oil, Vitex negundo oil.
NEW P45 – Keynote – laminae support – LIQUID
Feeding P45 is an excellent way of supporting a healthy laminiae whilst at grass. Mixing it with the bucket-fed feed at around 0.2ml for every 1 kg of Bodyweight helps the system keep abreast of the daily elimination of metabolites. P45 helps maintain a healthy free flowing circulatory system in the feet.
Daily feed rates can be adjusted for the individual depending on circumstances, less in times of contentment, more when stress is prevailing.
Fed at 80ml per day a 2.5 Litre container will last a month, at 100 ml per day 3 Litres will be required. Smaller amounts may only be needed for small ponies especially those fed on a regular basis. Twice a day feeding is ideal but if the horses and ponies are fed only once a day whilst at grass, feed all the required P45 in that feed.
PEPTONIL LE – Keynote – Support Gastric Health – POWDER
Feed Lecithin Enhanced Peptonil at approx 75 g per day (3 x 50ml measures per day) this will give 33g (Level 1) lecithin per day in addition to the regular Peptonil. At 75g per horse per day 1.5 kg of Peptonil LE will last about 20 days
Composition – 20% Turbinella pyrum (processed), 20% Symphytum officinalis, 24.4% Chamomilla recutita, 10% Glycyrrhiza glabra, 10% Ulmus fulva, 5% Althaea officinalis, 10% Cinnamomum zeylanica, 0.6% Stevia rotundifolia extract.
PROBIOTIC PVENT – Keynote – Intestinal function – POWDER
A Probiotic feed for equines. For feeding to horses to help regularise intestinal microflora and ph. Feed when necessary for a period of at least 7 days or longer following illness or trauma. Feed during and following the stress of a new environment, other changes and following treatment with antibiotics. Feed at 1 spoonful (25ml) twice daily. Adjust according to requirements. Mix into regular bucket feed just prior to feeding. For orphan foals include a proportion of the daily amount in with the milk prior to feeding or sprinkle onto creep feed. Although the effect on gut microflora begins within 2 hours of feeding, optimum conditions are not established until approximately 30 hours following commencement.
PVent PROBIOTIC is known to –
1. Modify the local bacterial community in the intestines by competing for attachment sites (competitive exclusion)
2. Ensures the improved use of the total diet by enhancing its nutritional value
Lyophilized bacteria product in specific carrierEnterococcus Faecium 1.0 x109 CFU’S (Colony forming units)/g. REG NO NCIB 11181 BRUSSELS NOM 3002900 EC No 15.
QC50 LE– Keynote – Mobility & support – POWDER
Feed Lecithin Enhanced QC50 at approx 84 g per day (3 x 50ml measures per day) this will give 33g (Level 1) lecithin per day in addition to the regular QC50. At 84g per horse per day 3 kg of QC 50 LE will last about a month
Composition – Soy lecithin (Phospholipids) MSM (Methysulphonimethane), Glucosamine hydrochloride, Ache (Apium graveolens), Curcuma longa extract, Commiphora molmol,
QC50 – Keynote – Mobility & support – POWDER
R44 – Keynote – Echinacia – LIQUID
Composition – MSM (Methysulphonimethane), Glucosamine hydrochloride, Ache (Apium graveolens), Curcuma longa extract, Commiphora molmol.
RAKT RAMANI – Keynote – Capillary and blood support – POWDER
Composition – Lohbhasma, Trikatu (Zingiber officinalis, Piper longum, Piper nigrum), Vitamin B12
REXFLO – Keynote – Lymphic & Circulatory system – LIQUID
Supports Bile, Pancreatic and Lymphatic flow. Supports capillary function and flow, white cell production and liver glycogen reserves essential for red blood cell manufacture and for tissues dependent on sufficient liver glycogen presence. Helps maintain healthy involuntary muscle structure.
Feed, when necessary, as a regular daily feed. Follows on from feeding L94. May also be fed with H29 and TPGS.
REXFLO supports the strength and tone of capillaries, elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and opening up surface areas enabling blood to be circulated to assist tissue build up and the health of the liver, pancreatic and general constitution.
STEEL FORCE MINERALS – Keynote – Breeding & Youngstock – POWDER
Feed to all horses of all types and all ages. Particularly to mares from the fifth month of pregnancy onwards and especially during the last three months of gestation. Feed to the mare and foal whilst suckling particularly in the first three months after foaling. Feed to foals & yearlings on a regular everyday basis and adult horses. The name “Steel Force” and the formula dates back to original research work in Scandinavia on those elements found to support bone strength and density, the inspiration of which, came from the making of high tensile steel. Contains Live Yeast culture and available selenium from yeast. Feed at one spoonful twice per day.
COMPOSITION – Monodicalcium phosphate, Magnesium Oxide, Calcium carbonate, L-Lysine, DL Methinone, Live yeast culture (Youdan Selected Microcell Strain), Zinc Methionine chelate, Iron glycine chelate, Copper glycine chetate, Iron glycine chetate, Selenium yeast, Vitamin E, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K)
SETBACK SALTS – Keynote – Readily available Potassium – POWDER
Feed Setback Salts whenever soil eating and wood chewing is observed for a period of 10 days or longer (250g will last the 10 days). Setback Salts are a rich source of quickly assimilated natural potassium as found in plants made up of a whole range of potassium forms that the horse is most used to.
DUNG AND SOIL EATING: Dung eating, wood chewing and licking and consuming patches of soil can sometimes be due to ration change and this due to horses and ponies adjusting potassium levels. Horses must excrete K everyday not only is the main substance inside the cells and involved in countless metabolic functions it is involved with all the elimination processes, you could say it is the water in the toilet. Horses regulate elimination of K according to their diet the desert horse will eliminate the minimum it has to as there is no green vegetation, on the other hand the horse on lush pasture will eliminate a lot more. This is nature working well the only problem is that adjustment is not instant and horses that have been eliminating a lot of K may carry on doing so for some time. There is no pool of K in the horse as the horse has evolved as a mobile herbivore and because it is eating for most of the time it does not need to store K. The balance between the inside of the cells and the outside, potassium – negative on the inside and Sodium – positive on the outside, is also constantly being adjusted to help maintain maximum electrical flow for life itself, so if suddenly K is in short supply the horse will try to do something about it including eating dung or eating dirt and wood in which there may be K.
Feed Setback Salts when necessary for a period, usually 10 days then switch to H29 for longer term support of cellular balance.
SETBACK SALTS GREATER – Keynote – Readily available potassium with additional vitamins – POWDER
Composition – Vegetable derived impure potassium salts (Yavakshara), Magnesium glycine, Kieselgur (freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Vitamin A, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Thiamine hydrochloride, Vitamin B2 Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid.
SITAPHAL NATURAL FLY REPELLENT CONCENTRATE EMUSIFIED OIL
Put about a tablespoonful of Sitaphal Concentrate into a litre of water and stir or shake until dissolved pour into a hand sprayer and gently spray areas of the horse that attracts the most flies. If the horse does not like spraying pour a little of the dilute liquid on to a clean sponge or suitable cloth and gently wash areas most attractive to flies. You do not have to use all the liquid you make up all in one go it will keep till the next and following days. Sitaphal is an extra from the immature fruit of the Custard apple blended with emulsified Azadirachta indica oil.
SPARSA SPRAY – Keynote – Skin (Topical) – LIQUID
STABLE C – Keynote – Vitamin C – LIQUID
A HIGH ABSORPTION PERSISTANCY SOURCE OF VITAMIN C & FLAVONOIDS FOR EQUINES
One of Trinity Consultants most versatile and important formulae. STABLE C is very stable source of Vitamin C with six times higher absorption persistency than ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is an important vitamin to support the immunity and health of the horse. It is integral in the formation of fresh new cell tissue and membranes and in cellular energy.
STRIDE B LE – Keynote – Mobility & support – POWDER
Feed Lecithin Enhanced STRIDE B at approx 84g per day (3 x 50ml measures per day) this will give 33g (Level 1) lecithin per day in addition to the regular Stride B.
STRIDE B – Keynote – Mobility & support – POWDER
Composition – MSM (Methysulphonimethane), APIUM GRAVEOLENS, GLUCOSAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE, RASNADIQUATH (Pluchea lanceolata, Curcuma longa, Ricinus communis root, Fagonia arabica, Curcuma zeodoaria, Randia dumetorum, Adhatoda vasica, Zingiber officinalis, Terminalia chebula, Piper chaba, Zingiber officinalis, Terminalia chebula, Piper chaba, Cyperus rotundus, Boerhaavia diffusa, Tinospora cordifolia, Ipomoea digitata, Tribulus terrestris, Withania somnifera, Achyranthes aspera, Cassia fistula, Aspargus racemosus, Piper longum, Barleria prionitis, Solanum indicum, Cinnamomum cassia), CURCUMA LONGA EXTRACT
STRONG CONDIMENTAL – Keynote – Digestion – POWDER
Composition – Ajowan (Trachyspernan ammi), Trikatu (Piper longum, Piper nigrum, Zingiber officinalis), Sodium bicarbonate, Cinnamomum zeylanicum, French celery seed (Apium graveoleons), Rheum officinale (Turkey Rhubarb), Stevia extract.
TENDONITE – Keynote – Tendons & ligaments – POWDER
In this formula there is an emphasis on supporting muscles and ligaments. May be fed to all horses including breeding stock and those coming under rules. A source of readily available silicon. The formula can have a sustaining effect in optimising sinew strength, elasticity and bone density and a consistent level of general wellbeing in horses. Beneficial to the whole constitution of the horse at all stages of life, reproduction, development and performance. Feed 75 g per day (3 x 25ml spoonfuls).
Composition – Syphytum officinalis (Comfrey), Fucus versculosis (Bladderwrack), Methylsulphonylmethane (MSM), Kieselgur (freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Glucosamine hydrochloide, Magnesium phoshate, Monodicalsium phoshate, Calcium carbonate, Vitamin E, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K), Stevia rotundiflora ext.
T FORTE – Keynote – Fat pads – LIQUID
The whole body feels the effects of T Forte. The formula contains Commiphora molmol (myrrh) aleuco-cytogenic agent that helps maintain white blood cells. Feed T Forte to maintain freedom from fat pads.
T FORTE – Keynote – Fat pads – POWDER
ORGANIC MINERALS T
(Tri-algae) Minerals are a unique blend of Freshwater, Seawater and Land algae that contribute to greater utilization of the total diet, stable intestinal conditions and a high degree of constant good health. Fed at about 3 Kg per month ‘T’ Minerals can be the sole extra minerals fed or can be fed in conjunction with other complimentary feeds. ‘T’ Minerals can be fed to all Horses and Ponies including young and breeding stock. Trinity Consultants offer free worm counts for any horse being fed ‘T’ Mins. Just ask the office to send out poo-sample pots with your order.
TPGS-5 – Keynote – Swift utilisation Vitamin E. 25% Concentration.
5ml twice per day – OIL
Vitamin E (Tocopherols) is an anti-oxidant and maintains healthy blood cells especially their membranes. It also reduces free radicals and helps maintain cell integrity.
Vitamin E is an integral part of the cell membrane. The phospholipid molecule is the one that becomes oxidized and where free radicals are formed, because Vitamin E is right next door, it can prevent free radical formation and so the key to Vitamin E is sufficiency and speed of replacement.
A further argument for feeding TPGS to horses under stress is that without bile acids there appears little or no recycling of Tocophoxl (used Vitamin E), a valuable sparing process enjoyed by other species. This fact also verifies the need for stabled horses in good health to be fed regular amounts of Vitamin E in their diet.
TPGS in common with natural sources of Vitamin E contains not only alpha but gamma tocopherol as well tocotrienols, another form of vitamin E which is supplied by the natural vitamin E component of the formulation.
“These combat a range of free radicles two most common types being
ROS Reduced by d-alpha-tocopherol
ROS Hydroxyl and superoxide free radicals associated with oxidative metabolism.
RNS Reduced by gamma-tocopherol
RNS Nitric oxide (gas) normal constituent of cells – acts as a messenger.
TPGS named as EH20 500/200 on test
TENDERFOOT – Keynote – Hooves – POWDER
The influence of nutrition on hoof growth and the integrity of the horn is profound, although genetics plays a big part too with some horses and ponies having better hooves than others. The list of routine nutrients for maintaining strong resistant hooves that grow sufficiently to cope with wear and tear when barefoot or presents the farrier with fresh new tissue for shoeing is well documented and includes calcium, phosphorus, magnesium etc, sufficient digestible crude protein and vitamins including extra biotin. The Tenderfoot formula provides all the necessary vitamins, minerals and amino acids to support optimum hoof growth and integrity.
Due to the completeness of the formula feeding Tenderfoot at 2 to 3 spoonfuls per day will obviate the need for further supplementation of minerals and vitamins within the total diet. Suitable for breeding stock, competition horses and ponies and of all ages. In three spoonfuls (78g) per day of Tenderfoot there is just over 20 mg of Biotin. Biotin is known to be of particular importance in supporting and promoting the growth of healthy hooves.
COMPOSITION – Monodicalcium phosphate, Fucus versiculosus (Bladderwrack), Magnesium oxide, DL Methionine, Magnesium phosphate (Tissue salts) L-Lysine, Vitamin E, L-Cysteine, Potassium Chloride, Zinc Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Vitamin C, Copper Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Selenium Yeast, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K).
TURMERIC & BLACK PEPPER – OIL
Many horse owners and trainers like to feed some Turmeric for overall good health and TURMERIC & BLACK PEPPER is ideal as the active ingredient of Turmeric is the yellow coloured Curcumin which is fat soluble so feeding an infusion of Curcumin which is approximately 5% of the seed is the idea way of presenting it , it is also convenient and at the same time has other advantages not least from the universally acknowledged digestive and other properties of Piper nigrum (Black pepper). Feed varying quantities to suit, usual amounts are about 25ml fed twice daily which equates to feeding about 40g/Day of Turmeric.
Composition – Curcuma longa extract (Curcumin the 5% active ingredient of Turmeric)) infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), Piper nigrum oil
U33 – Complete Digestive – LIQUID
U33 is a unique blend of proven herb extracts that can support optimum health along the whole of the digestive tract. It is fast acting in liquid form and is well accepted by the horse.
Feed U33 at approximately 20 ml for every 100 Kgs bodyweight varying levels according to the individual.
For other Trinity digestive formulae – See Peptonil, G59 and Strong Condimental.
VN10 – Keynote – Hormonal mares – LIQUID
A high concentration Vitex formula. Feed at approximately 30ml per day to mares to help support a mare coming into and/or during her seasons to make her more in more content but with no lack of spirit or character.
WESTERN SALTS LE – Keynote – Minerals & vitamins enhanced with Lecithin – POWDER
This formula is fed at 2 x 50ml per day this provides the original spoonful of Western Salts plus approx 34g of Lecithin (Level 1) per day. At this feedrate 2 Kg will last about 25 days. For the many benefits of Lecithin to the Equines please see appendix to LECTHIN 50 and other notes about lecithin in the directory.
Composition – Western Salts as above with the addition of Lecithin
WESTERN SALTS – Keynote – Minerals & vitamins – POWDER
The reliable broad spectrum of available major minerals, a comprehensive range of vitamins and added trace elements, providing in one 25ml spoon an excellent ‘top up’ that when fed with adequate daily amounts of good forage meets nationally recognised Mineral, Vitamin and Trace element requirements. At one spoonful per day.
When fed in addition to adequate amounts of forage containing average levels of minerals and vitamins a horse being fed a spoonful (40g) of WESTERN SALTS TM will consume sufficient minerals and vitamins to meet and safely exceed all published NRC (National Research Council) Washington recommendations.
- Provides a comprehensive range of Major minerals, Trace elements and Vitamins
- Maintenance of electrolyte balance
- Supports healthy digestion
- Daily provider of essential Se 1.5mg/measure/day & Vit E 1600iu/measure/day
- Daily provider of available zinc and copper in chelated form
It is commonly thought that it is possible to tell when a horse is dehydrated by looking at it, that may be so but only after 4 to 5% of the body weight in fluid has already been lost can dehydration be detected by skin elasticity. In the 500KG horse this which represents some 20 Kg of fluid so it is prudent to always supply some extra sodium levels above that which is naturally contained in the forage and other feeds. Levels do not have to be precise. Appetite for salt can vary quite widely even between siblings. Western salts help to ensure horses and ponies drink normally when fed every day. Feeding a 25 ml spoonful per day in conjunction with good quality forage usually provides sufficient Sodium per day for the inactive 400-500Kg Bodyweight horse in winter. For the more active horse in summer feed extra sodium & potassium in the form of an electrolyte (Electros) and with any pronounced sweating.
WESTERN SALTS are in powder form and devoid of any overall cereal or by product carrier Include in the bucket fed feed.
When fed in addition to adequate amounts of forage containing average levels of minerals and vitamins a horse being fed a spoonful (40g) of WESTERN SALTS TM will consume sufficient minerals and vitamins to meet and safely exceed all published NRC (National Research Council) Washington recommendations.
Zinc 8000 mg/Kg
Copper 3000 mg/Kg
Chromium 100 mg/Kg
Selenium 40 mg/Kg
Thiamine B1 1200 mg/Kg
Biotin 46 mg/Kg
Riboflavin B2 507 mg/Kg
Pyridoxine B6 417 mg/Kg
Pantothenic acid 670 mg/Kg
Vitamin B12 21 mg/Kg
Niacin 1503 mg/Kg
Folic acid 1666 mg/Kg
Vitamin A 901 Thiu/Kg
Vitamin D3 92 Thiu/kg
Vitamin K 138 mg/Kg
Vitamin E 37000 iu/Kg (as alphatocopherol)
Composition -Sodium sulphate, Monodicalcium phosphate, Methyl-Sulphonyl-Methane, Potassium chloride, Magnesium Oxide, Vitamin E, Zinc Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Iron Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Selenium yeast, Trinity vitamins (Vitamin A, Vitamin D3, Vitamin K, Vitamin B1 Thiamine hydrochloride, Vitamin B2 Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid), Chromium polynicotinate.
Y30 – Keynote – Inadvertent Head Movement – LIQUID
The relaxing properties of Y30 are helpful to support horses and ponies that intermittently exhibit sudden nervous movements. The formula exploits the beneficial synergy that there is between Magnesium and German Chamomile. Feed when necessary at 25ml twice per day for as long as required. May be fed on a permanent basis.
Composition – Chamomilla recutita extract, Glyrrhiza glabra, Magnesium chloride, Honey
Z70- Keynote – Respiratory Support – LIQUID
To help support optimum respiratory function. Feed at 25 ml twice per day for at least 10 days or longer.
Feed when necessary for as long as required. May be fed on a permanent basis.
Also see AH181 & CANDLEWICK OIL.
Composition – Prunus serotina, Marrubium vulgare, Verbascum thapus, Symphytum officinalis, Honey, Cetraria isandica, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Zingiber officinalis.
Many of the formulae listed in this directory contain herbs selected for their outstanding usefulness. Herbs extend their own unique support to us and to our horses and ponies, evidence from every corner of the world and a wealth of literature testifies to the fact that herbs can help provide nutritional support in many situations. Not to have herbs on our side is to forgo the assistance of some very powerful allies. Either singulary or better still in concert herbs enhance living.
Step by step information as to how the usefulness of CHOLEX to the middle and long distance racehorse
1. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) releases a high energy bond converting chemical energy to mechanical energy
2. This is the immediate source of energy for muscle contraction
3. Contraction provides the mechanical energy for walk, trot, gallop and jumping
4. Continued muscle contraction requires a continuous source of ATP
5. Although some ATP is stored in the muscle the amount is only sufficient for a brief period of contraction
6. For work to continue beyond this short period ATP must be replenished by the bio-chemical oxidation of fuel stores
7. The fuel stores for energy production are Carbohydrates and Fats which are found intra-cellularly and Extra-cellularly
8. The intracellular supplies are in the form of Glycogen (stored carbohydrate) and Triglycerides (stored fats)
9. The extracellular supplies are Glucose (already broken down glycogen) and Fatty acid (the three fats already seperated out). Delivered by the blood to muscle from peripheral pools of glygogen in the liver and fats from the adipose tissue
10. The relative contribution of each fuel to muscle contraction depends on the intensity of exercise
11.Metabolism of glycogen and glucose is tradionally regarded as Aerobic or Anerobic (requiring oxygen) although the overall process of metabolism of both carbohydrate and fats to produce ATP is one of oxidation
12. The means by which carbohydrates and fats produce ATP is not discussed here but suffice to say they differ in both speed and efficiency. Continued ATP generation by glycogen depletion does not compare with the efficiency by which fats generate ATP (only some 8%) and there is the accelerated burden of Lactate/Proton accumulation that lowers intra-cellular pH which ultimately lead to enzymatic inhibition nevertheless it is a swift provider of ATP and when ATP demands soars it is the only alternative.
13. Such are the constrictions on ATP production from glycogen and glucose (carbohydrate sources) that the process can only be sustained for 50 to 60 seconds at top speed
14. There is no automatic switch on and switch off of anaerobism (carbohydrate derived ATP) and aeobic metabolism (fat derived ATP) some anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorlation occurs at all levels of exercise the relative contributions to total ATP, as afore said, varies according to severity of exercise
15. The oxidation of fats contribute significantly to total ATP production over prolonged sub-maximal exercise and by far the greatest chemical energy is from extra-cellular stored plasma free fatty acids that are already derived from intra-cellular tryglycerides. This indicates the importance of the assimilation and utilisation of fats as opposed to just the singular crude provision of them. The production of free fatty acids will also increase response to high intensity sprint and interval training in some muscles providing energy at higher heart beat before changeover of ATP derived sources.
16. Although a stated some ATP is provided from all metabolic pathways at all levels of exercise the faster the speed of movement the more important metabolism from carbohydrates is, therefore concentration of glycogen stores are particularly important in sprint and short distance races.
17. For longer than 1.5 miles (approximately 2 mins 25 sec) performance starts to be limited by the slow rate at which muscle cells can produce energy aerobicall. Threshold levels of ATP from carbohydrates vary considerably for horse to horse, glycogen studies suggest that horses with the largest number and area of Type 2 fibre muscles which play a major role during sprinting contains the greatest anarobic capacity but at 1.5 miles this is where the fastest horse some even capable of of over 44 mph do not always win as it is about 5/8ths of a mile the tiny start-up reserve of ATP and the glycogen produced ATP runs out before the race is finished.
18. Beyond 1.5 miles glycogen sparing becomes increasingly important with the horse that can utilise ATP from fats at a higher gradual switch over being most fatique resistant
19. Training contributes massively to raising switch-over levels along with so other factors such as rest when necessary and minimising stress, a further thing that can be done to beat the handicapper is to make it possible for the horse to be able to utilise fats more efficiently to make it easier for the horse to metabolise triglycerides into more swiftly useable fatty acids to produce ATP more effectively. This can be done by feeding CHOLEX which firstly presents a highly assimilateable source of lipids (fats/oil) in conjunction with Phosphatylcholine (Lecithin) during the first month/months of race training . Such a policy enables the horse to reach a higher heartbeat fuelled by fats delaying the engagement of glycogen ATP production by a few seconds. This may not be a lot, certainly not enough when the horses is losing by a long way, but quite enough to provide a few more valuable seconds at VO2 max during the last furlong sufficient to influence the result.