IMPORTANT NOTE – All formulae listed against a circumstance or condition are to help support the horse or pony and its metabolism (to help the horse help itself) and must not be considered as any form of medical help or cure. In all cases of illness consult a veterinarian. Trinity Consultants study and advise on practical nutrition for Equines to maintain good health and performance and good supportive nutrition which becomes even more important when a horse or pony is disadvantaged by disease, accident or stress that effects inherent immunity. Such troubles enovate the assimilation and utilisation of nutrients some more than others creating, in such cases, a requirement for extra specific supportive nutrition. A number of the formulae listed below are attempts to help in such specific circumstances and are not and must not be interpreted as medicines of any kind.
Prophylactic – Regular feeding diminishes likelihood of problem arising
Feeding rates – All references to horses when no body weight is mentioned refers to 500/550 Kgs
“In nature we never see anything isolated, but everything in connection with something else which is before it, beside it, under it and over it”. – Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1749-1832
Trinity complimentary feed formulae
Specific nutritional support for the Horses, Ponies and Donkeys
1. All recommended daily feed rates are for 500-600 Kg Body weight.
2. Prices are a subject to change without notice and are a guide only.
3. There will be NO addition charge on formulae sent to Continental Europe, Highland of Scotland, Northern Ireland, Eire and the Isle of Man
4. Note – BB (Bespoke Blend) formulae prepared solely for an individual horse or pony are not listed here.
AH181 Keynote – Respiration – LIQUID
Feed AH181 to support the nutrition of horses and ponies intolerant to pollen, dust and other micro substances. Feed 25ml twice daily or when needed three times per day on occasions when air pollution is exceptionally high . One bottle will last 20 days at 50ml fed per day. Not too dissimilar to the support given by Z70 but with more allergy tolerance factors such as protected Vitamin C. Candlewick Oil that can be fed in conjunction with AH181 or as a follow on.
FREQUENTLY FED PROGRAMME TO HELP HORSES AND PONIES WITH RESPIRATION ISSUES
Please note the programme below gives extra nutritional support and in no way is an alternative to medical and other professional help and advice.
DAY 1 – Start feeding 25ml of AH181 twice or three times per day mixed in to the regular bucket feed
DAY 10 – Continue feeding AH181 at 25ml twice per day reviewing the situation. If necessary now also feed Candlewick Oil or leave till after AH181 finishes on Day 20. Depending on the individual horse or pony a further litre of AH181 can also be continued with.
ALPHA-SELENIUM – POWDER
Include one spoonful (25ml) per day in the regular bucket feed of horses and ponies that are deficient in Vitamin E and Selenium in the form of safe Selenium Yeast. One spoonful per day Vit E 1875 iu/15g feed – Selenium 1.25 mg/15g feed. Two spoonfuls per day Vit E 3750iu/30g feed – Selenium 2.5 mg/30g feed.
ARBOR P Keynote – Skin – LIQUID
Thuja exercises a peculiar influence over abdominal growths and tissue generation especially that of an epithelial character. It is traditionally known to be fed to horses and ponies with a range of different warts, sarcoids and fungoid growths of the skin or mucous membranes . Feed at 25 ml per day. ARBOR P is formulated with a 70% extract of Thuja (Arbor-Vitae. Tree of life) extract.
ATTITUDE ADJUSTER – Keynote – Temperament (Hormonal) – LIQUID
To help support hormone balance and provide for an increase in intracellular & blood Magnesium levels to help offset the effects of hypertension, irrational fears and anxiety and help impart a sweeter disposition. Feed around 50ml per day for at least 20 days or longer. The formula is gentle, non-toxic and non-addictive that helps to naturally help the body to regulate inappropriate hormonal activity acting on the anterior pituitary gland, reducing FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and increasing LSH (Luteum-stimulating hormone) – Stimulates the production of Progesterone to balance that of Oestrogen.
A-Z WASH – Keynote – Skin – TOPICAL LIQUID
An Azadirachta (Margosa, ,Nimba, Neem,) wash or spray for horses with Sweet Itch, Rain Scald and Mud Fever. Dilute a table spoonful into a litre of water to make up a milk, then wash or spray trying if you can to penetrate to the skin if possible. Spray or wash daily to build up an active micro-layer that helps heal and protect. Use A-z wash for all forms of mange mite infections for at least 2 weeks on a day to day basis. Using Sparsa Spray as well on open sores.
B51- Keynote – Skin
Feed B51 for acute skin diseases and to support the healthy granulation of tissue. It is a natural systemic purifier supporting the cleansing mechanisms of the blood and cleansing the lymphatic vessels through which mal-conditions of the skin often spreads .Sweet Itch, Mud Fever, Urticaria, Rain Scald and other skin mal-conditions, helps detoxify blood and lymph. Feed at 100ml per day for at least 10 days and then if necessary a further 50ml per day for the next 20 days. chronic gland and skin disorders. For Hives (Urticaria) do not wait but start feeding B51 to support skin function as soon as you can, do not bank on it clearing up on its own, it may do but if not the greater risk of chronic Urticaria developing makes it worth it.
BELGIAN FORMULA – Keynote – Arthritis – POWDER
This the classic 2 parts MSM and 1 part Glucosamine hydrochloride for feeding to horses to help maintain freedom from osteoarthritis, stiffness and during recovery from torn ligaments. Feed a 25 ml spoonful per day for a month on a continuous basis.
MSM is a naturally occurring organic source of biologically available Sulphur. It is found in all living organisms and is present in body fluids and tissues. It helps reduce inflammation, improve joint mobility and maintains the integrity of lung tissue. MSM contributes sulphur to the disulphide bonds that are essential for the proper conformation of hair, horn and connective tissue. Hormones and antibodies receive sulphur from MSM. GLUCOSAMINE HCL is a nutritional supplement which helps to reduce joint pain, tenderness, swelling and improve joint function and osteoarthritis. Glucosamine is the major building material of water loving proteoglycans and is needed to make glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), proteins that bind water in the cartilage matrix. Glucosamine’s presence also acts as a stimulant to the cells to produce chondrocytes to produce more collagen and normalise cartilage metabolism strengthening the body’s natural repair mechanisms.
BELGIAN FORMULA LE – Keynote – Arthritis – POWDER
Lecithin Enhanced BELGIAN FORMULA fed at approx 80g per day (2x60ml measures per day) features two parts MSM one part Glucosamine also allowing a little excess of Level 1 Lecithin
BLOOD ROOT – Keynote -Sarcoids – LIQUID
Sanguinaria canadensis is mildly escharotic (caustic) so ideal for initially painting on Sarcoids to ‘soften and gently aggravate them so when Sparsa Spray or Paste is applied gets inside the so they wither and fall off. Bloodroot is a natural antiseptic and anti-bacterial.
CAMOLA – Keynote – Intestinal function & Temperament – OIL
Feeding CAMOLA OIL helps support horses with inflamed gastro-intestinal tracts and gut soreness.This is the supplimentary oil to feed for undue restlessness and nervous tension that can trigger gastro-intestinal spasm and colic. Provides a degree of relaxation to horses that tend to internalise tension. Chamomile is indicated in the relief of discomfort the branches of the fifth cranial nerve. Favour CAMOLA OIL as the feeding oil as a prophylactic for ulcers in those horses prone to stomach lesions and are often characteristically tense and inclined to restlessness and nerves.
CANDLEWICK- Keynote – Respiration & condition – OIL
Double infused Verbascum thapsus (Mullein/Candlewick flowers) in Sunflower oil with Vitamin E from the extract of Wheat germ Oil and Curcumin the extract of Turmeric. Feed to help maintain freedom from allergies that can result in asthma like symptoms, congestion and puffy eyes and horses generally sensitive to pollen, dust and other polluting substances. A soothing relaxant to irritable respiratory conditions, anti-tussive and healing. Feed to horses when breathing becomes laboured due to atmospheric conditions. Candlewick oil is also helpful for muscle soreness and imparts outstanding appearance.
CANDLEWICK OIL can be fed in conjunction with AH181 if necessary or as a follow-on to feeding AH181
CAVENA – Keynote – Energy restoration – CRUMBS
This unique 18% Oil 18% Protein blend of human grade Porridge Oats (Oats without the husks) Marigold petal double infused Sunflower Oil and Steam cooked dry extruded whole ground soybeans is ideal for safely increasing the energy density of the diet by small amounts either for restoring energy or by maintaining it .
Fully stabilised Pinhead Groats (Avena sativa), Heat treated steam extruded whole ground soybeans, Golden Oil, (see details under GoldenOil). Stevia rotundiflora ext
Energy density is the amount of energy available for utilisation per kilo of feed. For example, straw and high fibre chop is low in energy density so this means the horse or pony has to eat a lot to get a little, this may fit sedentary animals especially those with little requirement for any extra energy to build up condition but not for those using more energy for activity or those that need to restore extra tissue and membrane because they would mathematically have to eat more than they are able to. The answer is to start raising energy density. Good hay and grazing will raise the bar a little but if the energy concentration of the hay is less than what the horse needs in every kilo it eats in a day that may still not be adequate. Grass will raise it a little more but then another problem can be encountered d, that of sufficient time, this is because grass is in most part water so to raise the energy more than a little long hours grazing is needed and that may not be practical or possible. This is where CAVENA comes in as what is needed is a small quantity of a very safe high density feed to add to the diet or lots of a medium density feed, CAVENA is the former very safe very palatable and quite free of contaminants of grains and by products designated for animal consumption only. CAVENA is also excellent as a small addition to the diet of horses and ponies that for various reasons are permanently only allowed a low calorie high fibre diet as it provides some welcome oil and quite importantly some glycogen that is necessary for sufficient enzyme production in the liver for the metabolism
CIRCA ELEVEN – Keynote – Circulation – LIQUID
Sustains circulation providing positive diffusive support to arterial and capillary circulation. Swellings and Low grade lameness can often be due to less than optimum circulation to the feet. Nutrients and oxygen destined for the feet fail to fully reach certain areas causing tissue to become poor and necrotic developing an arterial shunt where the area is partially avoided and the blood finds another way back to the heart. These starved areas become weak with transient low levels of vasculitis and Lymphangitis occurring resulting in tenderness and pain when weight bearing on hard or stony ground, in turn concussion causes more inflammation and greater obstruction of nutrients and elimination of metabolites. See graphic diagrams in Website of natural blood flow to the feet and Arterial shunt following laminitis and other insults to the foot.
Appendix – Swelling and Low grade lameness can often be due to less than optimum circulation to the feet. Nutrients and oxygen destined for the feet fail to fully reach certain areas causing tissue to become poor and necrotic developing an arterial shunt where the area is partially avoided and the blood finds another way back to the heart. These starved areas become weak with transient low levels of vasculitis and Lymphangitis occurring resulting in tenderness and pain when weight bearing on hard or stony ground, in turn concussion causes more inflammation and greater obstruction of nutrients and elimination of metabolites.
Circa Eleven is a cellular regenerator, peripheral vasodilator improving the strength and tone of capillaries, elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and opening up surface areas enabling more blood to be circulated to assist tissue build up, the health of the liver, pancreas and general constitution.
Feed Circa Eleven to help maintain circulation. Poor circulation may be due to a number of disorders including auto-toxaemia where it is necessary to assist elimination of wastes and poisons via the kidneys, skin and bowels and other causes such as narrowing and thickening of the blood vessels and poor metabolism. Circulatory disorders can result in lameness and affect athletic ability in the working horse and cause deterioration of joints, tendons, horn, bone, muscles and other soft tissues. Feed CIRCA ELEVEN to help maintain optimum circulation in horses that indicate symptoms of poor circulation by the formation of ‘Fat Pads’ or ‘Cellulite’ caused by constriction of capillaries arresting the circulation and in poorly supportive connective tissue. Waste products (the exhaust fumes of life) build up in certain tissues that become less soluble and therefore less able to be eliminated through the various eliminatory processes. Much of these phenomena are to do with obstruction and circulation.
CHOLEX – Keynote – Stamina, Speed of recovery, Sensibility & Ulcer prophylactic OIL
This Lecithin based feeding oil for all horses and ponies is excellent for skin and haircoat growth, stamina and recovery and could also be considered purpose-formulated for those diagnosed as having EMS. It has excellent anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties and can be a long term alternative to the animals existing in a twilight world of drug administration or alternately endlessly combating nervousness and tetchiness one day and exhaustion the next if a faulty metabolism is ignored. May be fed to breeding horses and those competing under rules. Feed at 80ml per day (2 x 20ml twice per day) mixed in with a suitable chop or fibrous carrier. For smaller ponies fed 60ml per day 2 lts will be required and at 100ml per day for larger horses they will require 3 lts.
“Just as important as the adequate provision of nutrients is the assimilation and utilisation of nutrients The two facets are of course intertwined but sometimes in such situations as in EMS and Cushing’s it can be advantageous to feed a specific that is as much to do with the metabolism than just plain feeding.
Metabolism is the way the body works, all the good feed in the world is of little advantage if the body is less than capable of doing something with it. This action is collectively referred to as the metabolism and concerns the chemical changes and physical processes whereby A) Energy is created for the body’s vital activities and B) Old cells are replaced by new ones. The metabolism is dependent upon a chemical interaction promoted by enzymes which are substances produced in the body acting as a catalyst to trigger chemical change in another. Complex substances are thereby broken down into simple compounds to facilitate assimilation and absorption as in the digestive juices. A wide range of illnesses may follow metabolic disturbance from debility to hyperactivity and low immune status, besides efforts to directly help such illnesses and disabilities attention to the liver, digestive organs and endocrine glands in the form of a constant metabolic support can be very helpful. CHOLEX provides such support. It is a non-drug multi-facet feeding oil that supports horses and ponies when their metabolism is less than optimum as those are that are confirmed as suffering from EMS and Cushing’s disease. A little high grade oil included in the diet of such horses is a particularly good practice to pursue as it provides a ‘quiet energy’ source often needed in the absence of dietary carbohydrates, added to this Cholex provides extra Choline in a very acceptable form and helps metabolically compromised horses and ponies overcome their difficulties in absorbing Tocopherols (Vitamin E), the first essential antioxidants. Both these important additions within the formula also help to address hyperglycaemic disorders few horses and ponies with EMS are without.
Store at ambient temperature not allowing the bottle to get too cold and the Cholex to become too thick to dispense
Composition – Soy lecithin, Calendula flowers, cold infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), Natural tocopherols (Vitamin E) dervived from from Wheat Germ.
CHOLEX CRUMBS FATTY CRUMBS
The crumbs are a solid alternative form to Cholex Oil and can be more convenient to feed in cold weather. Fed at two 300ml Mugs per day (one twice per day) they are very palatable and encourage appetite for the bucket-fed feed. Two 6 kg packs is sufficient for a month’s feeding for the typical 500-600 Kg horse. Cholex in either form can be uniquely beneficial to both the metabolically challenged horse or pony and the performance horse having much to do with the the way it aids nerve to nerve and nerve to muscle function, brain function and its metabolism of free fatty acids. Various explanations of there benefits are listed in a number of Lecithin enhanced (LE) formulae available and in the explanations in Lecithin 50. A longer explanation is also listed which sets out the role Cholex can play in energy utilisation in the Racehorse.
CONVELIX – Keynote – Mending, Mobility & Coat condition – OIL
Convelix is double infused Comfrey root with other natural herbs in Sunflower oil left to mature for a period not less than 6 weeks it is a mitogenic & vulnerary formulae to support recovery from fractures, injury, torn ligaments and tendons, bruising and any concussive disturbance and deformities to the body. feed to horses and ponies uncharacteristically tense and inclined to restlessness due to ulcers and inflammation of the gastro-intestinal tract. Feed Convelix when a mucilaginous tissue restorative is required for lungs. Convelix optimises healing by acceleration of mitosis (cell-division).
COPE – Keynote – Discomfort (Mild natural analgesic) – POWDER
Anti-inflammatory bute/drug substitute, lacks the immediacy provided by prescribed pain killing drugs in the first three days of feeding but from day three to four onwards can be a natural analgesic devoid of side effects so is suited to on-going feeding DO NOT FEED UNDER RULES
C7 Keynote – Cushing’s – POWDER
The emphasis on specific nutrition that supports pituitary and adrenal function can have a complimentary holding effect on the advance of Cushing’s like problems and Adrenal fatigue. Extra levels of soluble Vitamin E, the various Vitex species, Centella and Dioscorea etc are seen to help maintain the Status Quo in what can be progressive problems despite meritous drugs. C7 is formulated from safe plants known to be beneficial to the pituitary gland, malfunction of which lies at the root of many baffling diseases both mental and physical and may be due to tumour, shock or other inexplicable reasons. Under such circumstances the inclusion of C7 in the diet to sustain the pituitary gland and the endocrinal system may reap unexpected rewards and be useful as an adjunct to medicinal help. The unusually high concentration of Vitamin E found in the healthy horse’s pituitary and adrenal glands compared with other organs in the body is indicative of the body’s need to effect special protection in such places that are in the front line against stress so it follows that any lowering of dietary tocopherols (Vitamin E constitutes the body’s security) due to insufficiency or mal-absorption invites fault in the form of cell deterioration by the increase in harmful hydroperoxide containing compounds that left unchecked have an increasingly damaging effects on the body’s metabolism. In certain circumstances Vitamin E in the form of TPGS-5 may help initially.
COMPOSTIION – Vitex negundo Ext, Vitamin E, Magnesium chloride, Dioscorea villosa, Honey, Taurine, Vitex agnus castus, Potassium chloride.
Diminished or over reaction of the Pituitary gland may be on account of tumour or shock resulting in degeneration of nerves cells deep within the brain causing neuro-transmitting faults resulting in Acromegaly and Cushing’s, in such cases supporting pituitary function can beneficial and possibly help avert decline.
The action of C7 upon the endocrine system is bi-directional helping to boost under-activity and decrease over-activity and the formula is regarded as a harmoniser and may be required to be fed on an on-going basis. Whilst research into more effective drugs with fewer side effects continue the holistic approach of C7 to support optimum pituitary function can be helpful.
Giving extra support to the hypothalamus and pituitary glands for a horse or pony diagnosed with or suspected of suffering from Cushing’s makes sense. Such action may at most delay the necessity for drug dependency and at least limit the often inevitable progression of drugs to a minimum. It must however be stated it is not an alternative for horses and ponies already being medically treated for Cushing’s disease.
C7 is formulated from plants seen to influence the relationship between the brain and the adrenals such as Gotu kola, Negundi and Sarsaparilla. It must not be regarded as any form of medicine no more than plaster of Paris or a crutch can be for a broken leg, it is only an adjunct nevertheless malfunction of the gland lies at the root of many baffling diseases both mental and physical and as yet defies any clear cut diagnosis so if pituitary disorder is diagnosed or suspected it could very well be worthwhile including in the diet, agents that sustain the gland and the endocrinal system in general, such as those included in C7.
The ingredients of C7 are ‘Bi-directional’ and can contribute to healthy liver & lung function and on test have been seen to be effective in the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis. Traditionally Negundi is also used for headaches, coughs and colds in rural communities.
The unusually high concentration of Vitamin E found in the healthy horse’s pituitary and adrenal glands is indicative of the body’s need to put into effect special protection in such places that are in the front line against stress so it follows that any lowering of dietary tocopherols (Vitamin E constitutes the body’s security) due to insufficiency or mal-absorption quickly invites fault in the form of cell deterioration by the increase in harmful hydroperoxide containing compounds that left unchecked have an increasingly damaging effects on the body’s metabolism. Additional Vitamin E may be necessary if so feed C7 in conjunction with TPGS-5.
C7 has a steroidal effect on the body but not because it contains steroids but because the steroidal precursors have a similar effect. The body does not recognise it or mistake for its own hormones but simply uses it in a similar manner.
Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels are chronically above normal. Horses develop diabetes when the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body does not properly use insulin. The ability of the body to properly control the levels of blood sugar and regulate insulin and cortisol in the body is essential to reducing stress and promoting longevity. Stress leads to increased cortisol secretion and can produce elevated levels of sugar in the blood (hyperglycaemia). Repeated release of insulin to lower blood sugar levels eventually can lead to insulin resistance, which is the cause of metabolic syndrome, which is directly implicated in obesity and laminitis along with a number other problems including heart mal-conditions.
FOOTNOTE ABOUT ALSO FEEDING LECITHIN TO CUSHING’S HORSES AND PONIES
The multiple benefits of feeding Lecithin horses and ponies compromised by Cushing’s disease are substantial not least because of Lecithin’s inherant Choline and Inositol levels. Both nutrients benefit nerve function and recent research at Liphook suggests nerve impingement as being a debilitating factor in Cushing’s like problems. For such horses and ponies particularly those still active include some Lecithin in the form of CHOLEX at 50 ml per day per horse in addition to C7 diet.
ELECTROS – Keynote – Electrolyte balance -POWDER
Equinourish – LIQUID
The unique multi-functional natural feed for all horses and ponies including competition and breeding stock consists of 60% of a blend of concentrated seaweeds especially processed to increase their Mineral Exchange Efficiency (absorption) over that of already excellent raw seaweed. Presenting it in this way really suits the Equine’s quite singular digestive system in addition 40% of the formula is concentrated natural herbs renowned for their on-going benefits to the Equine liver and pancreas.
EQUINOURISH – Is one is of the richest and most varied sources of organic minerals and micro-nutrients, easily assimilated and capable of nourishing the entire system of the horse blended with an age old ultra-reliable gentle liver, kidney and pancreatic functionary to aid eliminatory organs in disposing of metabolic wastes and toxins from the system. Of considerable importance in the maintenance of healthy skin, lungs and hooves and a unique ability to reinforce the existing nutritional parameters provided by good forage and other feeds in the daily diet. The unique make up of EQUINOURISH helps the horse deal swiftly with day to day repairs, helps maintain good resistance and the metabolic function needed to deal with the rigours presented by a modern day existence and the threats to the immunity system.
Composition – Fucus Vesiculosis (Bladderwrack), Ascophyllum nodosum (Norwegian kelp), Laminaria digitata (Oarweed), Fucus Vesiculosis extract , Taraxacum officinalis extract (Dandelion root), Arctium lappa extract (Burdock root), Zingiber officinalis extract (Ginger root), Stevia rotudifolia extract, a concentrated blend of Eucalptus globulus, (Blue Gum), Thymus serpyllum (Wild Thyme), Origanum vulgare (Wild Marjoram), Allium sativum (Garlic), Rosmarins officinalis (Rosemary), Salvia officinalis (Red Sage) essential oils, active ingredients in accordance with E C Directive 1831/2003 ISO 22.000 and the related up grading with GRAS (Generally Recognised As Safe) from USA FDA (Food and Drugs Administration, USDA/NOP REG No NP1178 .
Equinourish – POWDER
The 25ml blue spoons that accompanies Equinourish Powder contains approximately 20 g so for the 500Kg Bodyweight horse feed 5 spoons a day , say two in the morning and three at night or another combination if feeding more than twice per day. Horses do well on Equinourish, somehow they thrive better and less common problems occur in the course of the horse or pony’s lifetime. A lot of the reasons for still remain unexplained however recent research does partly explains one mystery by comparing minerals fed from organic sources and with those fed from organic sources. Work done in France and US show that trace elements absorbed by a living organism can have a very low toxicity whereas toxicity of trace elements directly fed from a non-organic source can have a high toxicity. It has also been shown that like-for-like trace minerals fed from organic sources are more potent which starts to explain why mathematically lower levels of certain minerals in Equinourish support optimum health so well and the ‘prior processing’ of minerals and the storage Fucus (Bladderwrack) and the organic plants in Equinourish means that toxic antagonists such a copper, when kept within natures limits and are much safer.
Composition – Fucus Vesiculosis (Bladderwrack), extract , Taraxacum officinalis extract (Dandelion root), Arctium lappa extract (Burdock root), Achillea millefolium, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae) , Zingiber officinalis extract (Ginger root), Turbinella pyrum (processed), Essential oils of Piper nigrum, Eucalptus globulus, (Blue Gum), Rosmarins officinalis (Rosemary), Tea Tree , Stevia rotudifolia Ext .
Equinourish LE – POWDER
Feed Equinourish LE at 3 measures per day this provides Level 1 of 96% Lecithin in the diet per day in conjunction with Equinourish. Two 1.5kg foil packs of Equinourish LE is sufficient for a month. If necessary feed in conjunction with Western Salts of if Level 2 of lecithin is required (66g/Day) then per day ) then feed with Western Salts LE or a proportion of Lecithin 50
Composition – Soy lecithin, Fucus Vesiculosis (Bladderwrack) soluble extract ,Taraxacum officinalis extract (Dandelion root), Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Zingiber officinalis extract (Ginger root), Stevia glycoside.
All EQUINOUSH FEEDERS ARE ENTITLED TO REGULAR WORM COUNT SERVICE FREE OF CHARGE.
THE TRINITY CONCEPT DIET
The Equinourish concept diet is a reliable uncomplicated way of feeding all types of horses and ponies so they look and perform to their optimal genetic potential.
Equinourish is an all-natural complimentary liquid feed to be included in a bucket feed for all types of horses and ponies fed in addition to adequate amounts of hay and grazing. EQUINOURISH provides all the micro nutrients that with forage sustain the well-being and health of loved and valued horses and ponies.
Of the many benefits EQUINOURISH provides, such as a stronger metabolism, stronger hoof growth and integrity, respiration, skin and haircoat improvement etc the most beneficial strength EQUINOURISH imparts is the maintenance of a stronger and robust immunity.
The concept diet below is adopted by horse owners and trainers everywhere it is uncomplicated and easy to change to. The EQUINOURISH CONCEPT DIET does not exclude the addition of necessary extras specifically for the individual animal but what it does do is substantially reduce lots of different feeds and supplements by rendering them superfluous.
It is no coincidence that the best looking horses on the yard are fed EQUINOURISH, nor is it denied EQUINOURISH is a premium feed and industrially produced complimentary feeds cost less but taking into account all aspects of horse nutrition that may not be quite the case.
1. Feed good hay available on a more or less free access basis (following gradual transition for horses and ponies that have been rationed) when not grazing
2. Feed a small quantity of a suitable proprietary chop that smells nice and is not discoloured and musty. As plain as possible, feed value is of no concern as its role is only as a base to bulk out and slow down the bucket feed.
3. Good grass hay should be sought but if it is only possible to obtain well-made but late-cut hay that has a lot of old seed head and can be liken to grass straw more that grass hay then add a kilo or so per day of dried grass meal or pellets should be supplement the hay with the similar herbage
4. Feed EQUINOURISH at 100ml per day ideally split into two feed but if that is not possible then feed the total in one bucket feed.
5. Should it be necessary an extra complimentary cover, especially in areas where Selenium is deficient, add one spoonful of WESTERN SALTS to the evening feed daily.
The above ration meets or exceeds the requirements of a healthy pleasure horse should work, degree of condition and circumstance make it necessary some GOLDENOIL, GOLDENMEAL OR PORRIDGE OATS can be added to the diet.
For active horses and ponies especially those involved in regular high heartbeat exertion
Feed Pinhead Groats (or porridge oats) starting at 500g per day or good quality rolled/bruised feeding oats if available from 1 kilo per day upwards. If there is any doubt that the rolled oats do not have a density of 400g/litre or more mix the lower density oats with some flaked maize at 60 oats 40 flaked maize ratio alternatively chose to feed a good quality coarse mixture as near to its manufacturing date as possible.
Further small additions for the individual horse or pony are many and advice can be given if needed on the timely feeding L94 & Rexflo for liver and circulatory support extra to that of Equinourish and other Feeding Oils and Lecithin feeding etc that may suit a particular situation.
EVENKEEL 1 -Keynote – Anxiety, nervousness and uncharacteristic behaviour.
DO NOT FEED IF COMPETING UNDER RULES
A powder formula suggested for feeding spooky, worried and anguished horses that can become rigid with fear, freezing up with tension, may not bolt but can with a series of stressful events just explode – bucking, rearing or taking off. Even in relatively low-stress situations muscles are not truly relaxed if nervous underneath. EVENKEEL 1 helps to relax and rebalances the nervous system so as to relax muscular tension and uncharacteristic behaviour and unfounded anxiousness. Formulated to help maintain composure and combat changes in temperament due to stress. Feed at two to three spoons per day feeding more will not harm. Typically freezes up with his tension, rather than bolting, if he encounters a series of stressful events, he may just explode – bucking, rearing or taking off especially if the horse feels that it is he or she alone that must do something as opposed to transferring responsibility someone in control.
Composition – Passiflora incernata, Valeriana officinalis, Kieselgur (freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Magnesium phosphate, Magnesium oxide, L-Tryptophan, Vitamin B1 Thiamine hydrochloride.
EVENKEEL 2 -Keynote – Anxiety, nervousness and uncharacteristic behaviour.
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
A powder formulated to help maintain composure in equines similar to those suggested for EVENKEEL 1 but devoid of Valerian that cannot be fed to horses under rules .
EVENKEEL 3 – Keynote- Ultra sensitivity & nervous tension
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
This powder formula is suggested for horses that are very sensitive and can be ultra-conscious of often tiny contacts with the skin and are very nervous and jumpy without being necessarily afraid or upset. Horses that are at times perfectly well behaved but on other occasions cannot stand still and act up. Not always novices , well trained and experienced well schooled horses can pass through such phases.
EVENKEEL 4 – Keynote – Internalised worry & upset
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
It is suggested that this EvenKeel formula is fed to to horses and ponies where tension and anxiety manifests itself through it’s digestive system. When nervous or worried, diarrhoea or scours commonly occurs. Signs of external stress can be like other nervine types so he or she may be ‘spooky’ but the the effects of stress is more in the gut EVENKEEL 4 can help to rebalances the nervous system and maintain the health of the horse’s digestive system.
EVENKEEL 5 – Keynote – Uncharacteristic behaviour away from home stables
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
If necessary add this liquid formula for several days leading up to competition when, although settled at home, it is anticipated that behaviour will alter when strangers and new surrounding are encountered. Feed the night before and again on the morning of the show or competition. For feeding to horses that are prone to hypertension and anticipatory stress prior to showing and dressage competition when it is important to try to maintain composure and avoid uncharacteristic behaviour.
EVENKEEL 6 – Keynote – Uncharacteristic behaviour in mares
MAY BE FED WHEN COMPETING UNDER RULES
An excellent powder formula for erratic hypersensitive mares that although good at times can be temperamental mares and difficult to rely on. The combination of ingredients help support a higher level of tolerance to more common everyday events likely to occur during schooling and competition helping to offset lapses in concentration. EVENKEEL 6 is safe to feed for long periods and there are no known counter indications as to its use, gently support conformity with robbing the mare of her own character and individualism. Feed at around 50g per day.
EVENKEEL 7 – Keynote – Calmer and anaphrodisiac for hormonal Stallions & Riggs and recently cut geldings
Feed EVENKEEL 7 to help ameliorate inappropriate behaviour due to stress of hormone activity Stallions and riggy Geldings and is helpful in dampening residual hormonal activity in the period after gelding. Late cut geldings can often remain ‘stallionish’ for quite a time especially if they had developed behavioural habits which can be re-triggered by the presence of a new horse to the yard or when put in unfamiliar surrounding.
Feed to start with at 80 to 100 ml per day split into at least two feeds. The amount of can be gradually reduced to to lower feedrates depending on the individual. Mainly aimed at helping reduce excess sexual desire it can be fed if necessary be fed to females if found useful (also see EvenKeel 6). The formula naturally helps lower testosterone levels without robbing the horse or pony of its innate character as does bromide. No harmful effects are recorded EvenKeel 7 can be fed to show and competition horses competing under rules.
NOTE – If for extreme reasons there is a temporary need to support temperament threshold levels further add two or three teaspoonfuls of EvenKeel Extra to the bucket feed whilst still feeding EvenKeel 7 but please be aware although of no harm what so ever this action will mean no longer competing and showing under rules.
DO NOT FEED IF COMPETING UNDER RULES
The Trinity EvenKeel Formulae are a range of complimentary feeds designed to raise tolerance threshold levels when horses and ponies are suffering from different anxieties. They are valuable in as much as without sufficient command and control becomes difficult which means communication and understanding becomes even more problematical making things even harder therefore the it is often necessary to help calm things down before in can be understood that there is no danger and you are no threat. Much like someone who has become so worked up that unless they calm down first they do not heed you. In such circumstances, only a certain amount can be done, medication is the final step and certainly needed when necessary but that only stops the panic by tranquilising and may not be a help as a prop to recovery which is what the EvenKeel formulae are about. Of course, there are not only different anxieties but differing degrees of anxiety requiring a stronger formula for a while in such cases if the horse or pony is not competing under rules feed add EvenKeel Extra for a short period of time at about 15g per day (one rounded 25ml Spoon). When not fed in addition to other efforts to help temperament then 30g per day (two rounded spoons ore more). A 250g pack will last just over a fortnight, enough time to give that little extra calming help. You will need 500 g or more if not fed with a calmer.
Composition – Valleriana officinalis 1:4 to 1: 5 Chineses concentrate.
EYE 9 – Keynote – Eye health – LIQUID
For internally helping horses and ponies with eye injuries and helping to aid healing of eye ulcers, herpes, macular degeneration and conjunctivitis.
EYERIGHT- Keynote – Eye health (Topical) – TOPICAL CONCENTRATED LIQUID
For making Golden Eye solution. Add spoonfuls to a cup of boiling water, let cool and sponge as a salve.
Comprehensive nutritional support for poor and itching and hoof repair, flaky skin, bald patches and dermatitis. FORMULA 4161 is a multi-functional metabolism and immune supporting formula. Feed a course for two months or longer if necessary. Formula 4161 is the most complete complimentary feed formulated by Trinity Consultants in nutrients most likely to be deficient in the horse’s diet that may be likely to result in less than optimum skin function.
Methyl-sulphonyl-methane, Vitamin E, L-Lysine, DL Methionine, L-Cysteine, Potassium chloride, Zinc Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Copper Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Magnesium oxide, Ananassa stevia extract (Bromelain), Selenium Yeast, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K), Vitamin C, Bromlain, Glycine, Biotin, Yeast, Chromium polynicotinate.
FLYBYE OIL – Keynote- Insect deterrent – TOPICAL OIL
Retain a sponge or suitable cloth to leave a trace of oil around the face, belly and other parts of the body where the horse or pony is particularly plagued by flies and midges. Several days of application will result in less insect agitation making the situation more comfortable. FLYBYE Oil is Sitaphal oil the oil from the immature fruit of the custard apple. It has no side effects except that insects do not like it and will consequently tend to be attracted elsewhere. Please note – FLYBYE is not a fly killer and contains no toxic substances that will harm the horse either when licked or through the skin.
G59 DIGÉSTIF – Keynote – Digestion – LIQUID
Colic, Indigestion, flatulence. Keep a small bottle in the tack room for intestinal emergencies. Similar to Strong Condimental relied upon by the cavalry but is liquid form. Also see Strong Condimental.
GLANDEX 247 – Keynote – Urticaria & Glands. Skin & Immunity boost LIQUID
A specific support to Equines following a viral infection and any dip in the horse or pony’s immune system. In addition feed GLANDEX 247 as a support for the well-being of Horse’s and Pony’s with chronic Urticaria, itching, and long term skin afflictions either as the sole extra support effort or as an adjunct to veterinary treatment. Chronic skin problems often following a virus or septic shock and can be very difficult to overcome . GLANDEX 247 can play a vital role in helping long term skin health and auto-immune problems . GLANDEX 247 is a blood and lymph depurative to support horses recovering from endo/enterotoxaemia and other perverse conditions of the skin. A number of disorders may arise when fluids become over-burdened by toxaemia, poor drainage and enlarged nodes (glands). Such uneliminated wastes form cellulite which is unwanted tissue formation and swelling, thus the very ground may be prepared for various chronic mal-conditions secondary to this. Feed 50 ml per day. Initially feed with Stable C when necessary.
GOLDENMEAL – Keynote – Muscle and condition – POWDER
Steamed cooked extruded whole ground extruded soybeans, Calcium carbonate, Calcined magnesite, Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Youdan Selected Microcell Strain), Salt, Curcuma longa extract, Enterococcus faecium M74 Probiotic. Provides additional calories, intracellular oil and amino acids for an increase in muscle, condition, good haircoat and general well-being and to help withstand the rigours of competition whilst not upsetting digestion or changing temperament.
0.075 x 109CFU/g. Enterococcus faecium M74 (NCIMB 11181, EC no 15)
0.075 x 109 CFU/g. Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae EC no R404
The heat and pressure of extrusion increases the digestibility of its protein content also reduces the globule size intercellular oil as the whole soybeans are discharged boiling in their own oil which being intercellular contains it own emulsifying lecithin content enabling it to broken down and utilised by convalescing horses and those with an impaired or aging constitution.
Feed for as long as necessary. Goldenmeal is particularly good to feed to Mares in the first part of lactation especially early in the year or when grazing is less than optimum. It stimulates and maintains both milk production and milk quality and part of any recovery program from pathogenic bacteria damage and is a protectant against DNA damage in the lymphocytes.
When included in a diet consisting mainly of roughage (fibrous material) Goldenmeal will positively contribute to muscle tone and haircoat appearance, when fed with added starchy feeds (Cooked Barley, Flaked maize etc) and adequate roughage, it completes the energy balance that will provide extra weight and condition. When fed in conjunction with good bushel weight Oats, Goldenmeal makes a positive contribution to sustained racing performance.
Goldenmeal has a soothing effect on the digestive system improving the intestinal mucous protective lining and gut tensile strength of the stomach, reducing the risk of necrotic enteritis and ulcers due to stress or drugs. It has a gently beneficial effect on the liver and on mobility and immunity through its antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. Goldenmeal carotene content readily converted into Vitamin A. when demand is necessary.
Goldenmeal provides an osmolyte accumulation in the cells that attracts water allowing the horse to maintain water balance in a more energy-efficient way. This means that the horse uses less energy to maintain its water balance and more energy for growth and health cell creation.
Goldenmeal is an excellent methyl donor. Methyl groups are involved in hundreds of metabolic reactions including the creation of phospholipids an important component of cell membranes, tissue repair and immune response functions. It is also a source of Phospholipids (as lecithin) in its own right.
GOLDENOIL – Keynote – Skin & haircoat condition – OIL
INTERNAL SUNSHINE. Calendula (Pot Marigolds) are grown in deep-beds and the flowers are gathered in the height of summer almost everyday and dried. The petals are one of the most versatile of beneficial herbs and contain a unique oil, these are infused twice over in Sunflower Oil to which is added some extract from the vitamin E in Wheatgerm and some Curcumin . Finally after some 6 to 8 weeks the blend is bottled off and ready for use as GOLDENOIL to provide an excellent antioxidant with remarkable general health and skin conditioning qualities that gives show horses a massive advantage especially when fed with Equinourish and are invariably the best looking horses on the yard.
Calendula (Marigold flowers), Curcuma longa extract (Curcumin) cold infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), TPGS (d-alpha-tocopherol polyethylene glycol succinate), d-alpha-tocopherol, mixed tocopherols.
H29 – Keynote – Activity, mood, performance – EMULSION
H29 is a white emulsion not unpalatable to Horses and Ponies. It is usually fed twice per day at 25 ml per feed If more is fed choose a further time of day to feed it . H29 ‘Recharges” and is fed following an upset or to nullify the effects of day to day stresses especially if a horse is in work or following a period of stress . If the horse is active there is always a succession of little traumas occurring. H29 stops the accumulating effect of such traumas from becoming a further problem leading to cellular imbalance, aggravated muscle and nerve endings and finally exertional rhabdomyolosis (PKD) due to leaky cells.
1. Not content at rest or when ridden or driven not so obliging
2.Discomfort on girthing up an sensitive to touch on various parts of the body
3. Skin unduly itchy though free from external aggravation
4. One or more joints stiffening almost as if arthritis has set in
5. Abrasions, harness burns, cuts and bruises when healing slowly
6. Eyes weeping more than usual
7. Will not stand still anymore
8. Condition lacking regardless of ample feeding and levels of protein
9. Muscles are quite hard and not yielding and fluid
10. Cramp (Tying up) and sudden stiffness, shortness of gait
11. Lethargic, everything seems an effort
12. Lack of stamina even though flighty and not content
13. Marks, callouses and corns appear with the slightest wear and tear
14. Bouts of wariness and uncertainty in familiar places, not so confident
15. Reduced enthusiasm and vigour no longer so interested
16. Slow to recover from any physical or mental setback
17. Spooky despite feeding extra magnesium and other measures taken
18. Feed for four days before travelling – during transportation. Whilst away from home stables continue to feed everyday with the regular feed. Feed to new arrivals to the yard for a period of 10 days
Composition – Honey, Vitamin E, Potassium chloride, Magnesium chloride, Taurine, Potassium sorbate.
HONEY COMPLEX 1756 – Keynote – Mare behaviour & control – LIQUID
Can be considered as the “Director of Operations” the formula is concerned with hormonal support whereby energy is created for the body’s vital activities and old cells are replaced by new ones. It is designed to harmonise the body’s natural production of hormones and enzyme creation and can be of particular significance in supporting recovery from a wide range of metabolic disturbances especially in performance mares that are hyper-active in concert with the provision of the correct support nutrients, treatment and management. Honey Complex 1756 helps initiate and augment the workings of the system to maintain normality. Feed as an adjunct to the regular diet and complementary feeds selected as advantageous for the individual.
Composition – Dioscorea villosa ext, Honey
Overall Heart support for horses diagnosed with a heart condition.
Composition -Crataegus laevegata,Convallaria majalis, Achillea millefolium, Honey
Feed as a Kidney flush and urinary tonic at 100ml for 10 days and as a stone breaker at 50ml per day for longer.
Composition -Zea mays, Galium aperine, Capparis spinosa, Cichorium indybus, Solanum nigrum, Terminalia arjuna, Galium aparine, Cassia occidentalis, Achillea millefolium, Tamarix gallica.
Keynote – Probiotic
Six Capsules /day equates to 93.6 x 109 CFU’S per day 60 CAPS
Three Capsules /day equates to 46.8 x 109 CFU’S per day 120 CAPS
Lactiferm probiotic selectively supresses harmful bacteria by
1. Modifying the local bacterial community in the intestines by competing for attachment sites (competitive exclusion)
2. Ensuring the improved use of the total diet by enhancing its nutritional value
“In the healthy horse the lower intestinal tract will “balance” itself with near equal populations of both beneficial and harmless bacteria but when disease – producing pathogens proliferate and gain the upper hand, all too often the result is intestinal imbalance and a disease condition. Recognising nature has no favourites in this microbiological rivalry, horse owners and trainers can intercede on the positive side by feeding Lactiferm to help redress the balance in favour of the beneficial population.
It has long been observed that any adverse situation causing a metabolic upset to horses in whatever form often results in the harbouring of increased levels of harmful coliform bacteria in the intestinal tract well before clinical symptoms of disease appear. In horses even simple change besides any more serious upsets can result in this disease mechanism being activated by tipping the balance in favour of co-operation as opposed the conflict Is one significant way Lactiferm Capsules help the horse to help itself.”
“For Foals – Intestinal balance sickens and kills more new born foals than any other foal-hood affliction. Beginning with its passage through the latter half of the birth canal, the foetus-foal is bombarded with many kinds of disease-producing organisms, then shortly after birth it is confronted by a second microscopic brew. The teat, meant ideally to provide the newborn foal with immune resistance via colostrum is also a purveyor of bacteria carried on its exposed service. Some of the bacteria are beneficial, some harmless and some others are capable of transmitting disease. If all goes well (due to the temporary ‘gut’ immunity provided by colostrum) the lower intestinal tract will ‘balance’ itself with near equal populations of beneficial and harmless bacteria but when disease-producing pathogens proliferate and gain predominance, all too often the result is intestinal balance and a disease condition.
M74 has been extensively tested in field trials and such findings confirmed in university studies. As a practical and economical means of helping establish and maintain intestinal well being in Equines Lactiferm Capsules have proven especially useful under the following conditions:
• For incoming foals, yearlings and adult stock whose beneficial microflora have been dangerously depleted.
• To restore intestinal microflora in horses of all ages subject to antibiotic therapy, worming or surgery.
Background to LACTIFERM CAPSULES (M74)
The origins of M-74 can be traced back to Czech Republic to a Dr Kvanta who worked with Claes Olsen who was in the bee pollen business and had a relationship with the Czech government at the time. Initial production started in the Kvanta basement; probably Judit (Endre’s wife) was probably the most responsible. Then the research attracted the attention of the Swedish based Bonnier family and specifically Uncle Albert who was a true entrepreneur who started over 100 companies. It was after he died the family decided to sell their interest in the probiotic and M-74 was embraced by world recognition in all forms of livestock. M-74 was first named Streptococcus faecium then changed to Enterococcus faecium to be better categorised with EU legislation.
L94 – Keynote – Liver – LIQUID
The Pick-me-up, tonic and detox for Equines. Feed at first signs of a horse or pony being off form or the occurrence of a raised pulse and swellings/heat in the feet to re-enforce and sustain liver function and importantly the unique bile salts of the Equine species that “cleanse & clean” and sustain pancreatic, splenic and kidney function. Feed as a 10 day course or longer to support animals with severe liver damage. L94 gently disperses and promotes excretion of accumulated poisonous substances and metabolites that have been ingested, inhaled or acquired as morbid products of inflammation and disease. It has a biochemical action on cell wastes and toxins breaking them down preparatory to the body eliminating them and stimulating the organs of elimination from the liver, kidneys, skin and bowel.
In cases of Exertional Rhabdomyolyses (Tying Up, Set fast) feed L94 as soon as possible for 10 days and on Day 5 also start feeding H29. Feed them both together for at least the next 5 days or longer then continue with feeding H29 for at least day 25 or longer.
L94 is fed at 100ml per day for 10 day periods or longer.
Capparis spinosa, Cichorium indybus, Terminalia arjuna, Solanum nigrum, Cassia occidentalis , Achillea millefolium, Tamarix gallica, Zingiber officinalis, a concentrated blend of Eucalptus globulus, (Blue Gum), Thymus serpyllum (Wild Thyme), Origanum vulgare (Wild Marjoram), Allium sativum (Garlic), Rosmarins officinalis (Rosemary), Salvia officinalis (Red Sage) essential oils, active ingredients in accordance with E C Directive 1831/2003 ISO 22.000 and the related up grading with GRAS (Generally Recognised As Safe) from USA FDA (Food and Drugs Administration, USDA/NOP REG No NP1178.
Depiction of arterial shunt occurring after prolonged or numerous laminitis attacks and tissue insults. Tissue in the the bottom part of the foot becomes increasingly bereft of nutrients and elimination of waste from the cells slows.
FREQUENTLY FED PROGRAM TO HELP HORSES AND PONIES WITH LAMINITIS
Please note the program below gives extra nutritional support and in no way is an alternative to medical and other professional help and advice.
DAY 1 – Start feeding 50ml of L94 twice per day mixed in to the regular bucket feed along with a spoonful of SETBACK SALTS.
DAY 10 – L94 will finish now. Review the situation. If necessary now feed REXFLO at 25ml twice per day for a further 20 days.
LECITHIN THE UNRIVALLED NUTRIENT
Lecithin is the only natural emulsifier. It is comprised of a mixture of 5 phospholipids. These polar lipids are the active ingredients (or business end) of what is collectively known as lecithin. In simple terms they are water-loving fats, which means that they have the special ability to make phases, which otherwise would not mix, mix homogeneously. This makes lecithin particularly good as an emulsifier but also a dispersing aid, wetting agent, surfactant and antioxidant. There are however also nutritional benefits such as improved liver metabolism, improved brain nutrition, immune system support and cholesterol control.
LECITHIN IN TRINITY FORMULAE
Quite a number of health, wellbeing and performance issues can be addressed by feeding Lecithin to Equines, so when appropriate and possible some of the Trinity Complimentary feed formulae are also available with Lecithin added. These are indicated with the suffix LE (Lecithin Enhanced). There are also three other predominantly Lecithin formulae namely CHOLEX OIL a purpose formulated feeding oil for supporting horses and poniescomprimised by EMS and Cushing’s disease. RACEBACK for returning and maintaining optimum performance in race and sport horses and LECITHIN 50 a formula for feeding Lecithin separately to all horses and ponies whenever required.
LECITHIN 50 – Keynote -Recovery adjunct and Performance – POWDER
Lecithin 50 is the ideal practical way of feeding varying levels of Lecithin. Balanced and pleasant tasting it can be easily added to any existing diet without compromising any pre-calculations. Lecithin 50 provides an extra dimension to the diet of all horses especially performance horses and those needing metabolic support. Lecithin is “a feed within a feed” and one of the most significant nutrients to emerge in the last 40 years providing a wide range of health correcting and maintaining benefits including.
Lecithin provides Choline essential to make Acetylcholine a compound for brain function that causes muscle action by transmitting nerve impulses and encouraging the body to discharge the important hormones Norepinephrine and Epinephrine (Adrenaline) that help with fear and anger
1. Improvement in stamina and speed of recovery
2. Movement and equalization of Body Fats
3. Improved digestion and gastrointestinal constancy
4. Improved metabolic function
5. Increased mental reception and sensibility
Although much has been done in Lecithin 50 to make lecithin feeding easier it must still be kept sealed and dry when not being dispensed.
LEVEL 3. Feeding 6 measures per day (33g/measure) equates to feeding 100g/day of pure lecithin which is 6 kg for a month.
LEVEL 2. Feeding 4 measures per day equates to feeding 66g/day of pure lecithin which is 4 kg for a month.
LEVEL 1. Feed 2 measures per day which equates to feeding 33g/day of pure lecithin which is 2kg for a month.
Composition -Composition – Soy lecithin (Phospholipids), Processed Turbinella pyrum, Tripotassium citrate, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Magnesium oxide, Stevia rotundifolia.
“HOW LECITHIN IMPROVES PERFORMANCE
The horse accesses two fuel sources reserves, Glycogen for high heartbeat work and fats for lower heartbeat work. The amount of reserves they have stored for potential use varies according to genetic capability, total dietary input, and energy density of the feed, ease of assimilation and feed conversion and energy expenditure. In total the amount of Glycogen stored in the horse unhampered by stress and insufficiency equates to approximately 3½ minutes worth of which nearly 90% is available for kinetic energy the rest being vital for liver function to produce red blood cells, help maintain immunity and fuel for a number of other tissue functions. The amount of energy reserves in the form of fats can equally vary considerably in theory if all available for access possibly more than 18 hours’ worth before actual cell degeneration takes place to provide energy (break down of protein).
At steady low heartbeat the horse is running on fats, there is time for fats to be burnt and produce energy any sudden rise in heartbeat requires the faster provision of energy and the horse clicks into using its glycogen stores until the conversion of fats into energy can catch up (second wind) or the exertion is beyond the horses capability to burn fats quick enough. When high heartbeat is sustained approaching close to VO2 max then muscles can only be fuelled by glycogen. Such a complex scenario of variables results in hundreds of possibilities occurring. Genetics plays a huge part in the horse’s reserve capacity of both fats and glycogen the simplest example of this being seen in the difference in the Racehorse and the Carthorse. Overall health and the avoidance, as much as possible of stress, has such immense ramifications that consideration of these facts are quite enough near alone the finer points of energy reserves and critical utilisation nevertheless in every performance horse the following rules and facts apply –
1. The most potent source of energy supply is ‘full reserve’ of glycogen that is because as glycogen reserves are used so they are further from combustion so less efficient the fuel becomes and the horse that starts the race fully topped up with glycogen will always prevail (everything else being equal) over the horse that starts with half a tankful, quite the opposite to the motor car.
2. The higher the heartbeat reaches still using fats the less glycogen will be needed. Top performance is all about sparing glycogen and a sort of argument in the same vein applies to the most movable fat stores for it is these that that can be quickly mobilised.
3. Stress upsets everything. Storage of energy and the utilisation of it. It’s expensive in as much as there are many more inroad into limited glycogen reserves by sudden elevated heartbeat elevations as seen by the form shown by horses encountering problems before the start, arriving at the venue upset and anxious at the start. Stress causes metabolic function to diminish and the body’s ability to convert carotene to Vitamin A, use Vitamin A and also vital Vitamin E and other vitamins.
In every case there is a strong argument for feeding Lecithin, energy cannot be transferred from one muscle to another lecithin distributes fats to the muscle cells more evenly better distribution means less likelihood of one group of muscles letting the side down whilst energy from other cells is far from exhausted. Lecithin also reduces the “hard to access” fats this means more “fast fats” able to be burnt at higher heartbeat indirectly aiding glycogen sparing. Lecithin also directly influences glycogen sparing by help in Glycogenesis and Gluconeogenesis increasing the body’s production of glycogen (cell stored carbohydrate). It also has a profound effect on how the mind and the body deals with stress, Lecithin contains two vital nutrients Choline and Inositol both are in the most accessible and efficient forms vital for brain concentration and thought function.
A common comment of trainers feeding Lecithin to racehorses is that they come out of their races very well.
HOW LECITHIN CAN IMPROVE PLEASURE HORSE HEALTH
Although there is no need for the glycogen sparing consequences of feeding supplementary lecithin to the non-athletic horses there can be situations when there is a distinct reason for doing so this is because its fat moving properties are of marked importance in helping EMS (Equine Metabolic Syndrome) and in helping to offset the onset of Cushing’s disease.
To a large extent the nature of the problem of EMS inhibits the feeding of water soluble carbohydrates so energy from fats become predominate. This onus on fat utilisation is not helped by impaired fat distribution which results poor cell deposition and with it poor circulation of fat soluble vitamin any curtailment of which impairs the metabolism even more. Beta carotene/Vitamin A sufficiency increasingly drops denying the horse assimilation and use of a whole raft of nutrients fed however well calculated the diet the same for and all important Vitamin E critically required at differing levels in different organs a particular instance of this being the elevated levels required in the pituitary gland which quickly becomes inadequate despite vitamin supplementation.
Maintaining varying amounts of dietary lecithin to augment endogenous levels compromised by age and metabolic mal-function is a primary way of helping horses retain their health and vitality and be more treatable when necessary with less secondary input.
FOOTNOTE – INTESTINAL ULCERS
Trial evidence indicates that the degree of severity of gastric erosions and gastric ulcers show a marked reduction after 10 days of lecithin feeding. Although 10 days is too short a period for the disappearance of ulcers the contrast with controls when no extra lecithin is fed is quite specific.
50% Chelated Magnesium glycine, 50% Magnium Oxide to make up for dietary Magnesium deficiency and imbalance.
Composition – One part Magnesium Chelate of Glycine hydrate, one part Magnesium oxide.
A swift, available and convenient source of absorbable Magnesium to make up for dietary Magnesium deficiency and imbalance.
Composition – Magnesium chloride, Glycyrrhiza glabra tincture.
MICROCELL 60 – Keynote Pre/Probiotic & Enzymes – POWDER
Provides Bromelain a natural protlytic enzymes in combination with live yeast culture, Probiotic and appropriate vitamins. Feed for a fortnight or if necessary for longer following a virus to help regain optimum health. A convalescent support and friendly gut bacteria inoculant. Can be fed on continual basis either at 40g (2x25ml Spoons per day) or for some horses it is still beneficial at half feed rate (20g – One 25ml Spoonful per day). Of particular benefit to any horse under the weather particularly older horses suffering a setback.
Bromelain 100 Gelatin digesting units/g
Enterococcus Faecium 0.75 x109 CFU’S (Colony forming units)/g Lyophilized bacteria product in a specific carrier. REG NO NCIB 11181 BRUSSELS NOM 3002900 EC No 15.
Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae EC no R404 0.075 x 109 CFU/g.
Composition – Live Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Youdan Selected Microcell Strain), Vitamin C, Ananassa stevia extract (Bromelain), Vitamin E, Stevia rotundifolia, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Vitamin B1 Thiamine hydrochloride, Vitamin B2 Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K), Enterococcus faecium M74 on a Diatom algae base
Note on Diarrhoea
Besides it is not a being good for horses diarrhoea is a real pain to owners and groom. Few can say they have not been thoroughly fed up with continually having to clean off the backside of a horses. Causes of Diarrhoea and loose droppings are myriad and so too are the remedies so much so that it is probably worth going through a sort of ‘Diarrhoea Routine’ whenever it occurs for more than a few days.
In all cases when serious, especially if it is a pre-prescribed medication might be the cause, always phone the Vet. They too will have a routine. As far as a complimentary feeding is concerned because diarrhoea is so often connected to the faulty absorption of fats and diarrhoea is the bodies acute cleaning and eliminatory effort to expel wastes and impurities a 10 day course of L94 can be considered as the first thing to do to. Bacterial infection is a close second.
A standard specific for horses and ponies with arthritis, general stiffness, rheumatism and gouty like problems.
Composition – 98.8% Methyl-Sulphonyl-Methane
NOOF – OIL
NOOF is pure Azadirachta indica oil The natural anti-fungal, anti septic properties coupled with its natural fly repellent properties makes it ideal for applying to sores and abrasions and to the haircoat to help prevent skin disorders. Also paint into hoof sand cracks and white lines and outbreaks of thrush. Apply with a suitable cloth, brush or with the fingers. NOOF can crystallise and go solid at less than ambient temperature, bring indoors or put bottle in hot water before applying in cold weather.
Composition -Azadiracta indica oil IS TOTALLY BIODEGRADABLE COLD PRESSED OIL OF AZADIRACHTA INDICA ( also know as MARGOSA, INDIAN LILAC, NIMBA, NEEM.). Harmless if ingested.
PALMAGUNDI OIL – Keynote – Topical for muscle stiffness, wear, tear and bruising – OIL
Gently massage into injured muscle formation and bruising with the fingers every day or every other day. This unique blend of cold drawn Palma Christi and Negundi oil is a versatile oil for massaging legs and other parts of the horse’s body that are strained or taken a knock. It acts as a biochemical precursor of prostaglandins, a trigger mechanism to the immune system T-Cells in the skin causing them to active a local immune system reaction through the lymphatics. Highly effective rubbed into the skin when there are aches or strains often encountered by horses especially when in competition and hunting. Palmagundi is also highly benefit for fissures and rough skin . Horse and ponies will also benefit from the comfort afforded by the oil in helping to relieve arthritic and rheumatic discomfort.
Harmless if licked Palmagundi Oil may be applied to horses and ponies competing under rules
Composition – Ricinus communis oil, Vitex negundo oil.
NEW P45 – Keynote – laminitis prevention – LIQUID
Feeding P45 is an excellent way of preventing horses and ponies from developing Laminitis whilst at grass. Mixing it with the bucket-fed feed at around 0.2ml for every 1 kg of Bodyweight helps the system keep abreast of the daily elimination of metabolites which susceptible horses and ponies accumulate causing lymphatic congestion that in time results in inflammation and pain either acutely felt as with the onset of laminitis or as long term discomfort that restricts movement and changes character.
Containing Magnesium to ensure levels are available if Mg lock-up creates insufficiency, P45 helps maintain a healthy free flowing circulatory system in the feet, especially animals that have developed degrees of Arterial Shunt. Daily feed rates can be adjusted for the individual depending on circumstances, less in times of contentment, more when stress is prevailing.
Fed at 80ml per day a 2.5 Litre container will last a month, at 100 ml per day 3 Litres will be required. Smaller amounts may only be needed for small ponies especially those fed on a regular basis. Twice a day feeding is ideal but if the horses and ponies are fed only once a day whilst at grass feed all the required P45 in that feed taking care not to over-face initially.
P45 – MORE NOTES
Horses and Ponies are grazers and at times could be considered browsers as they like nothing better than having the pick of hedgerows and borders in spring and summer. As animals of flight they developed a unique digestive system one that did not compromise their need for speed and the other being mostly confined to vegetation margins. These two factors, unlike true ruminants, both limited the gross amount of food they could take in at anyone time so the compromise was that Equines had to eat more frequently to remain in good health which actually as long as there was some feed available and they could move about freely to get it they could actually thrive better in times of shortage than other grazers. This is why in the wild at times of shortage Zebras fare better than Antelopes. The downside of the compromise is that the Equine’s digestive system is vulnerable to change and is very quickly effected by stress, change of food and change of routine which if unchecked can quickly result in chronic indigestion, colic, laminitis and low grade lameness.
Just as the hedgerows and borders provide subtle and timely digestives and organ panaceas so to does P45. Not necessarily the same plants but with the same beneficial effects. Fed at approximately 50ml twice per day P45 helps ensure the smooth elimination of waste and metabolites, the consequences of living which if allowed to accumulate for any reason and not be able to be eliminated swiftly causes mal-function and changes in gut pH, lymphatic stagnation and organ mal-function
Composition – Cichorium indybus, Galium aperine, Iris versicolor, Taraxicumofficinalis, Achillea millefolium, Crataegus laeveata, Zingiber officinale, Stevia extract with Magnesium chloride
PEPTONIL LE – Keynote – Ulcers – POWDER
Feed Lecithin Enhanced Peptonil at approx 75 g per day (3 x 50ml measures per day) this will give 33g (Level 1) lecithin per day in addition to the regular Peptonil. At 75g per horse per day 1.5 kg of Peptonil LE will last about 20 days
Feed Peptonil to help maintain freedom from ulcers and inflammation of the alimentary canal and loss of gastric lining . A very effective digestive. Initially soothes and then supports healing. If it appears to provide some by its outstanding ability to sooth it can be ascertained ulcers maybe a problem.
Composition – 20% Turbinella pyrum (processed), 20% Symphytum officinalis, 24.4% Chamomilla recutita, 10% Glycyrrhiza glabra, 10% Ulmus fulva, 5% Althaea officinalis, 10% Cinnamomum zeylanica, 0.6% Stevia rotundifolia extract.
PROBIOTIC PREVENT – Keynote – Intestinal function – POWDER
A Probiotic feed for equines. For feeding to horses to help regularise intestinal microflora and ph. Feed when necessary for a period of at least 7 days or longer following illness or trauma. Feed during and following the stress of a new environment, other changes and following treatment with antibiotics. Feed at 1 spoonful (25ml) twice daily. Adjust according to requirements. Mix into regular bucket feed just prior to feeding. For orphan foals include a proportion of the daily amount in with the milk prior to feeding or sprinkle onto creep feed. Although the protection of gut microflora begins within 2 hours of feeding optimum protection is not established until approximately 30 hours following commencement.
PREVENT PROBIOTIC selectively suppresses harmful bacteria. Although the means by which it does this has not been fully explained it is known to –
1. Modifies the local bacterial community in the intestines by competing for attachment sites (competitive exclusion)
2. Ensures the improved use of the total diet by enhancing its nutritional value
3. Improves the response of the horse to disease
Lyophilized bacteria product in specific carrierEnterococcus Faecium 1.0 x109 CFU’S (Colony forming units)/g. REG NO NCIB 11181 BRUSSELS NOM 3002900 EC No 15.
Composition – Dextrose monohydrate, Enterococcus Faecium M74
QC50 LE– Keynote – Mobility & arthritisis – POWDER
Feed Lecithin Enhanced QC50 at approx 84 g per day (3 x 50ml measures per day) this will give 33g (Level 1) lecithin per day in addition to the regular QC50. At 84g per horse per day 3 kg of QC 50 LE will last about a month
Composition – Soy lecithin (Phospholipids) MSM (Methysulphonimethane), Glucosamine hydrochloride, Ache (Apium graveolens), Curcuma longa extract, Commiphora molmol,
QC50 – Keynote – Mobility & arthritisis – POWDER
This is a 3 part MSM 1 part Glucosamine hydrochloride formula with the addition of ACHE (a sub species of Celery Seed) and some 94% concentrated Curcumin extract. There can be several kinds of arthritic disorders in horses all characterised by inflammation and pain in joints muscles and related tissue. Most forms are progressive i.e. they get worse with time. Early treatment may forestall damage, leading eventually to healed tissue, even eroded bone may be replaced, often though when damage is severe and there is loss of critical fluids and there is muscle atrophy and cartilage destruction, healing can be very difficult and sometimes impossible. ” Quarter carré contra Arthitite” (QC50) is essentially a comprehensive four part approach to the disorder that sets out on a longer path to reparation circulation, disinfection and give protection to joints and connective tissues and to act as an adjunct to prescribed painkillers and acute anti-inflammatories that may be necessary in the first instance.
Composition – MSM (Methysulphonimethane), Glucosamine hydrochloride, Ache (Apium graveolens), Curcuma longa extract, Commiphora molmol.
RACEBACK – Keynote – Stamina, Fast recovery rate, Ulcer protection POWDER
RACEBACK is a novel way of improving performance, speeding recovery rates and at the same time decreasing the incidence of intestinal ulcer formation. Other things being equal it has been found that feeding RACEBACK for a month or longer noticeably increases stamina as a direct result of increased energy transmission and varying indirect savings of energy due to the avoidance of catastrophic stress. There is no evidence of exceeding speed above inherent VO2 Max but considerable evidence in duration at maximum effort. Such likelihood of improved performance must however be statistically considered due to the cost of RACEBACK, if an increase in performance however satisfying will not result in the likelihood of much gain then there is no point however if a marginal increase in performance will result in substantial gain in either a race or over a season then that is different much because RACEBACK is different and opens up fresh nutritional opportunities.
There are more than one reason why feeding extra levels of lecithin are so beneficial to all horses not least because it helps increase stamina. In the most simple terms this is why-
The horse must ‘burn/utilise energy to run, from either Glycogen (stored carbohydrate) or from lipids (fats) stored in the muscle. In the average horse there is approximately 3.5 minutes worth of stored glycogen and in theory days of fats. Glycogen stores are instantly used all forms of sudden acceleration and extreme exertion is from glycogen the closer the horse gets to VO2 Max (Top Speed) the higher the heartbeat and the greater the glycogen burn. Below this situation when and where there is less demand and the metabolism has time to turn fats into energy the horse runs on stored fats and except for sudden exertion fats provide the bulk of the energy. Training conditions for the horse to utilise fats at a higher heart beat before clicking over into using glygogen stores. Breeding also comes into the equation with the level varying considerably from horse to horse. A third reason for this is the underlying different formation of the fats in the muscle. The more soluble such fats are the faster the metabolism can turn them into energy. If a muscle or set of muscles contains more intransigent trigycerides, ( those fats difficult to readily mobilise) they let the side down and as there is no transfer of energy from one muscle to another they are responsible for stopping the horse from using more energy at a higher heartbeat which will mean the body has to start using up valuable glycogen sooner. Lecithin made n the horse’s liver emulsify fats, normally fats and water do not mix but they will do if emulsified. It has been found that extra lecithin fed, emulsifies more fats equalling out all muscles so none prematurely stop the body being able to burn higher levels of usable energy from fats at higher heatbeat . In addition to this (there are lots of addition when it comes to the benefits of lecithin) lecithin provides very easily mobilised digrycerides, two fatty acids which are not so tightly bound as trigycerides which are made up of three fatty acids.
Much of the most recent funding for research into feeding different levels of lecithin has been made over to assessing the benefits of extra dietary levels of lecithin for protection and recovery from ulcers. Dramatic improvements being recorded after 10 days of feeding. Our own practical experiences endorse this from two perspectives, firstly lecithin being a prophylactic following feeding Lecithin 50 (see directory entry) to racehorses and lecithin significantly enhancing the effectiveness of ulcer recovery specifics. ( Peptonil) .
There are a number of reason why feeding extra levels of lecihin help prevent the formation of ulcers and when coupled with Turbinella and Chamolile the reasons are even more so. Besides being a natural emulsifier of fats which contributes greatly to the efficiency of the digestive system lecithin contains two outstanding nutrients namely Choline and Inositol, in 200g per day of RACEBACK Choline amounts to 100mg and Inositol to 120mg. Both Choline and Inositol occur in high concentrations in the brain. Choline has far reaching effects on stress one of the reasons why horses fed adequate levels of extra lecithin become more contained and are less likely to run the race before it starts and horses ‘get over’ incidences more easily. this is because Choline occupies nerve fibres and nerve endings and is the pool for the creation of Acetylcholine (the Stardust) that bridges the synapses between one nerve and another and between a nerve and a muscle. Choline protects myelin sheaths that cover nervouse tissues and a particular feature of Choline is that is serves to strengthen weak capillaries in the digestive system and is a main functionary of healing.
The horse’s body has the ability to synthysise Inositol, which can loosely be classed as a B Vitamin, through the action of very constant settlement of digestive flora. (we gain Inositol on a relaxing holiday). Such production may not be so applicable in a disrupted intestinal tract so that lecithin may well be critical. In combination with tocopherols (the Vit E members) Inositol is the main repairer of nerve damage in the digestive tract, in the mechanics of the muscular system and in the prevention of accumulated cholesterols in the stomach. An interesting fact is that human sufferers of Psoriasis whose cholesterol levels are also high are deficient in Inositol.
Lecithin is a Phosholipid ie two fatty acids and instead of a third which would make it tightly bound Triglyceride it has a Phophotylcholine/Phosphotylinositol/Phosphotylserine molcule. This valuable source is the most absorbable and most usable Phosphorus in nature. To comply with a desired 3:2:1 ratio there is a need to accompany the phosphorus with Cacium and Magnesium. The temptation is to just add inert limestone flour to make up the calcium after all it is least expensive commodity in the mill but that can be bettered by including prepared Turbinella which is small peices of Sacred Conch put into cloth pouches and steamed with lemon juice for 12 hours then washed well in hot water. The contents are then heated and cooled several times and then kiln dried. The result, a pure white powder (Shanka),is the best panacea for hyperacidity, indigestion and flatulence and special feature of Shanka is that it not only neutralises excess gastric acid but it controls gastric acid secretion.
The surprising thing about German Chamomile which is included in RACEBACK is respite of regular use throughout Europe and North America for treatment for gastrointestinal inflammatory conditions it was not until the early eighties that experimental verification of its protective and healing effect on the mucosa of the GI tract was reported. Since then several controlled studies of Chamomile has been seen to inhibit ulcers produced by various conditions including administration of drugs, stress and hydrochloric acid at experimentally induced levels.
Elevated levels of the sulphur bearing quasi-amino acid Taurine and Glycine are included in RACEBACK to ensure maximum conjugation with Bile Acids to become Bile Salts this can well be important as ensuring optium presence of bile Salts ensures the chyme is more water soluble greatly advancing the digestive’s physiologic function of emulsifying fats as an energy source and less acid should chyme be reguritated back in the stomach by exertion.
On anyone day of racing only 20 to 25% of the horses entered can be expected to be in the first three, that’s the sport of racing. For every scheduled race missed the odds of success dramatically lengthen to such an extent that the most important part of training becomes that of surety of competition. There a myriad reasons for a horse to be ‘off form’ it has been found that an important benefit of feeding RACEBACK is the the way horses bounce back substantially lowering recovery times. Quick recovery in training especially as work increases is one the first signs of the feed helping to improve stamina.
Composition – Soy lecithin (Phosphalipids), Turbinella pyrum (processed), Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Potassium chloride, Chamomilla recutita, Achillea millefolium, Taurine, Glycine, Magnesium oxide, Vitamin E, Ulmus fulva, Stevia rotundifolia. 7 measures of RACEBACK allows approx 99g (Level 3) of lecithin per day
1. Feed from 6 to 7 measures per day split in two, three or four feeds per day. A measure (a 60ml blue spoon) contains approx 30g
2. Packed in 2.0 KG foil packs, once opened finish one pack before starting another. The powder is hydroscopic and will over time absorb moisture from the atmosphere.
3. As a powder it can better be fed in with a course mixture or open feed as opposed a bucket fed feed made up entirely of compound nuts/pencils.
R44 – Keynote – Echinacia – LIQUID
To help stimulate/regulate the horse’s immunity, strengthening macrophage activity. Can be fed to all Equines including breeding stock, youngstock and competition horses. R44 is bidirectional it helps to increase the horse’s natural non-specific resistance to disease, affects the function of phagocytosis the specific portion of the immune system and has an immuno-suppressive action in some cases. The frequent administration of small amount of R44 imparts a degree of immunity against common horse infections and allergies. Large daily amounts fed will help acute infections. R44 has the ability to influence the immune function stimulating white blood cells to destroy invading organisms . Known as Macrophages, these are the important defenders against viral, bacterial and fungal infections. Chemicals, suggesting that R44 is intrinsically balanced so as not to overly excite an immune response. Suggested feed rates – 25ml fed twice per day low. 5o ml fed twice to three times per day.
Composition – MSM (Methysulphonimethane), Glucosamine hydrochloride, Ache (Apium graveolens), Curcuma longa extract, Commiphora molmol.
RAKT RAMANI – Keynote – Bleeding – POWDER
For anaemia and bleeding. Feed 10g (Two Teaspoonful’s per day) for a least 20 days or longer. Provides an extra level of Vitamin B12, essential Iron in a highly available form, to maintain increase overall enzyme production and feed utilisation. Optimum haemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of the blood relieves parts of the body starved of oxygen and myoglobin, which in turn stores oxygen in the muscles cells. Without enough iron, adenosine triphosphate (ATP; the fuel the body runs on) cannot be properly synthesized. As a result, some horses can become fatigued even when their haemoglobin levels are normal i.e., when not anaemic.
Composition – Lohbhasma, Trikatu (Zingiber officinalis, Piper longum, Piper nigrum), Vitamin B12
REXFLO – Keynote – Lymphic & Circulatory system – LIQUID
Supports Bile, Pancreatic and Lymphatic flow improved circulation and the immunity system. Detoxicates offending bacteria and drugs preventing purification of the intestines and infiltration into the bloodstream. Supports capillary function and flow, white cell production and liver glycogen reserves essential for red blood cell manufacture and for tissues dependent on sufficient liver glycogen presence. Helps maintain healthy involuntary muscle structure.
Include every day with the regular bucket feed to help maintain freedom from –
Low grade lameness
The development of subcutaneous waste deposits (fat pads)
Chronically repeating Laminitis
Circulatory disorders in the feet
Feed, when necessary, as a regular daily feed. Follows on from feeding L94. May also be fed with H29 and TPGS
REXFLO is a cellular regenerator and peripheral vasodilator supporting the strength and tone of capillaries, elasticity of the walls of blood vessels and opening up surface areas enabling blood to be circulated to assist tissue build up and the health of the liver, pancreatic and general constitution. Optimum circulation, particularly with low grade lameness is important nutrients & oxygen failing to fully substantiate poor and necrotic tissue causes concussion problems.
The benevolent actions precipitated by feeding REXFLO are of such fundamental importance to the well being of equines it can be included in the diet of any horse or pony with the expectation of satisfactory results.
Composition – Cynara scolymus extract (Cynarin*) ext, Taraxicum officinalis ext , Arctium lappa rad ext, Achillea milleifolium ext , Iris versicolor, Zingiber officinalis, Stevia rotundifolia extract.
SKIN PROBLEMS in horses can on occasions be notoriously difficult to overcome and experience indicates that there can be more than one cause often a primary one that has resulted in secondary causes becoming most immediate and just as problematical. A fundamental reason for this is because the skin system is easiest to tax for their energy reserves when immunity dips. The body threatened immediately taxes the individual system reserves but not so equally, more sacred reserves such as the heart are left reserves of of the skin are composed of ‘easily divided cells’ are expendable without immediate catastrophe. A second reason is skin health is much dependent on efficient liver function and thirdly on nutrient sufficiency and assimilation. From this can be seen that differing support at different times for different circumstances can be employed. Trinity sets out to help in these respect. The following is a quick resumé providing a single specific or in combination in a recovery situation.
STEEL FORCE MINERALS – Keynote – Breeding & Youngstock – POWDER
Feed to all horses of all types and all ages. Particularly to mares from the fifth month of pregnancy onwards and especially during the last three months of gestation. Feed to the mare and foal whilst suckling particularly in the first three months after foaling. Feed to foals & yearlings on a regular everyday basis and adult horses. The name “Steel Force” and the formula dates back to original research work in Scandinavia on those elements found to improve bone strength and density, the inspiration of which, came from the making of high tensile steel. Contains Live Yeast culture and available selenium from yeast. Feed at one spoonful twice per day.
COMPOSITION – Monodicalcium phosphate, Magnesium Oxide, Calcium carbonate, L-Lysine, DL Methinone, Live yeast culture (Youdan Selected Microcell Strain), Zinc Methionine chelate, Iron glycine chelate, Copper glycine chetate, Iron glycine chetate, Selenium yeast, Vitamin E, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K)
SETBACK SALTS – Keynote – First steps to Recovery – POWDER
Feed SETBACK SALTS whenever soil eating and wood chewing is observed for a period of 10 days or longer (250g will last the 10 days) this will help adjust potassium levels. SETBACK SALTS are a rich source of quickly assimilated natural potassium as found in plants made up of a whole range of potassium forms that the horse is most used to and of particular benefit to horses and ponies suffering from the effects of physical and mental stress. Feeding a spoonful per day, Setback Salts helps to swiftly redress loss of cell fluid that causes cell shrinkage due to stress and adrenal surges leading to heart, nerve and muscle disorders.
DUNG AND SOIL EATING The problem of dung eating, wood chewing and licking and consuming patches of soil can sometimes be due to ration change and this due to horses and ponies adjusting potassium levels. Horses must excrete K everyday not only is the main substance inside the cells and involved in countless metabolic functions it is involved with all the elimination processes, you could say it is the water in the toilet. Horses regulate elimination of K according to their diet the desert horse will eliminate the minimum it has to as there is no green vegetation, on the other hand the horse on lush pasture will eliminate a lot more. This is nature working well the only problem is that adjustment is not instant and horses that have been eliminating a lot of K may carry on doing so for some time. There is no pool of K in the horse as the horse has evolved as a mobile herbivore and because it is eating for most of the time it does not need to store K. The balance between the inside of the cells and the outside, potassium – negative on the inside and Sodium – positive on the outside, is also constantly being adjusted to help maintain maximum electrical flow for life itself, so if suddenly K is in short supply the horse will try to do something about it including eating dung or eating dirt and wood in which there may be K . As the horse adjusts to the change or changes involved so things are resolved. One way of helping is to feed SETBACK SALTS for a few days this is because Setback Salts contain natural K in the same forms that K is in plants or if the horses or ponies have lost K because of stress and wear and tear then feed H29 for a longer period to patch up leaky cells constantly loosing K and their metabolism constantly having to be pump K back in with all the consequences that can entail.
Composition – Vegetable derived impure potassium salts (Yavakshara), Magnesium glycine.
SETBACK SALTS GREATER – Keynote – Recovery – POWDER
Composition – Vegetable derived impure potassium salts (Yavakshara), Magnesium glycine, Kieselgur (freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Vitamin A, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Thiamine hydrochloride, Vitamin B2 Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid.
SITAPHAL NATURAL FLY REPELLENT CONCENTRATE EMUSIFIED OIL
Put about a tablespoonful of Sitaphal Concentrate into a litre of water and stir or shake until dissolved pour into a hand sprayer and gently spray areas of the horse that attracts the most flies. If the horse does not like spraying pour a little of the dilute liquid on to a clean sponge or suitable cloth and gently wash areas most attractive to flies. You do not have to use all the liquid you make up all in one go it will keep till the next and following days. Sitaphal is an extra from the immature fruit of the Custard apple blended with emulsified Azadirachta indica oil.
SPARSA SPRAY – Keynote – Healing (Topical) – LIQUID
Composition – Hydrastis canadensis,
Commiphora myrrha, Hamamelis virginiana, Thuja occidentalis
STABLE C – Keynote – Vitamin C – LIQUID
A HIGH ABSORPTION PERSISTANCY SOURCE OF VITAMIN C & FLAVONOIDS FOR EQUINES
One of Trinity Consultants most versatile and important formulae, of great support in very many Equine health problem situations. STABLE C is very stable source of Vitamin C. 6 times higher absorption persistency than ascorbic acid. Vitamin C is an immune stimulator, health and performance enhancer.Vitamin C helps to reduce the effects of stress and disease and is integral in the formation of fresh new cell tissue and membranes and in cellular energy. Feed at approximately 25ml per day to provide exogenous Vitamin C with Flavonoids present as in nature when necessary, 25ml of STABLE C is equivalent to about 50 fresh oranges per day.
Composition – Calendula flowers (Source of Bioflavinoids) infused in Polyethoxylated ascorbic acid (Liquid Vit C)
STRIDE B LE – Keynote – Arthritis – POWDER
Feed Lecithin Enhanced STRIDE B at approx 84 g per day (3 x 50ml measures per day) this will give 33g (Level 1) lecithin per day in addition to the regualr Stride B.
STRIDE B – Keynote – Arthritis – POWDER
Stride B is an excellent panacea for osteoarthritis and other types of rheumatic aches and pains. It is an effective blood purifier and for inflammatory, gouty-like situations often prevalent as outbreaks of low grade and persistent immobility. The formula is seen to be particularly helpful at the onset of stiffness, twinges when there is a sudden drop in temperature and rain sets in. Stride B subtly helps aggravated channels, it opens up pathways obstructed by calcification and the depletion of body tissues that occur especially in the extremities that are less well serviced than more central parts of the body and may over the years have taken a fair amount of knocks.
Composition – 28% MSM (Methysulphonimethane), 18% APIUM GRAVEOLENS, 14% GLUCOSAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE, 37% RASNADIQUATH (Pluchea lanceolata, Curcuma longa, Ricinus communis root, Fagonia arabica, Curcuma zeodoaria, Randia dumetorum, Adhatoda vasica, Zingiber officinalis, Terminalia chebula, Piper chaba, Zingiber officinalis, Terminalia chebula, Piper chaba, Cyperus rotundus, Boerhaavia diffusa, Tinospora cordifolia, Ipomoea digitata, Tribulus terrestris, Withania somnifera, Achyranthes aspera, Cassia fistula, Aspargus racemosus, Piper longum, Barleria prionitis, Solanum indicum, Cinnamomum cassia), 2 % CURCUMA LONGA EXTRACT
STRONG CONDIMENTAL – Keynote – Digestion – POWDER
A traditional and very reliable complimentary relied on by countless horse owners over the years. Safe and natural it helps to sustain a trouble-free digestion, maintaining freedom from nutritionally oriented colic, intestinal discomfort and gastric disturbance. For feeding to horses with gassy digestion and inclined to tympany & distension and to some horses that crib biting or have recently started windsucking because of less than optimum digestion. A follow on for horses and ponies that having been given G59 in times of a sudden digestive problem need to have something in their diet for the longer term.
Composition – 22.5% Ajowan (Trachyspernan ammi), 22.5% Trikatu (Piper longum, Piper nigrum, Zingiber officinalis), 12.5 %Sodium bicarbonate, 15% Cinnamomum zeylanicum, 22% French celery seed (Apium graveoleons) 5% Rheum officinale (Turkey Rhubarb), 0.5% Stevia extract.
TENDONITE – Keynote – Tendons & ligaments – POWDER
In this formula there is an emphasis on supporting muscles and ligaments maintaining freedom from sore shins and other micro fractures. May be fed to all horses including breeding stock and those coming under rules. A source of readily available silicon. The formula has a mitogenic effect and can have a sustaining effect in optimising sinew strength, elasticity and bone density and a consistent level of general well being in horses. Beneficial to the whole constitution of the horse at all stages of life, reproduction, development and performance. Feed 75 g per day (3 x 25ml spoonfuls).
Composition – Syphytum officinalis (Comfrey), Fucus versculosis (Bladderwrack), Methylsulphonylmethane (MSM), Kieselgur (freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Glucosamine hydrochloide, Magnesium phoshate, Monodicalsium phoshate, Calcium carbonate, Vitamin E, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K), Stevia rotundiflora ext.
T FORTE – Keynote – Fat pads – LIQUID
The whole body feels the effects of T Forte. The formula contains Commiphora molmol (myrrh) aleuco-cytogenic agent that helps maintain white blood cells. Feed T Forte to maintain freedom from depositions of fatty tissue caused by toxic waste build up and unhealthy constriction of capillaries that appear as nodules and pads and cold long term oedemas lowering blood cholesterol and triglycerides.
T FORTE – Keynote – Fat pads – POWDER
Composition – Commiphora molmol (Myrrh gum oleo resin) Tincture, Honey.
ORGANIC MINERALS T
(Tri-algae) Minerals are a unique blend of Freshwater, Seawater and Land algae that contribute to greater utilization of the total diet, stable intestinal conditions and a high degree of constant good health. Fed at about 3 Kg per month ‘T’ Minerals can be the sole extra minerals fed or can be fed in conjunction with other complimentary feeds. ‘T’ Minerals are a natural wormer when fed at the recommended daily level and can be fed to all Horses and Ponies including young and breeding stock. Please remember to request faecal sample pots to send back for no-charge worm count results if commencing to feed ‘T’Mins particularly for its a natural worming program.
Composition – Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae) , Fucus versiculosis (Bladderwrack), Cetraria islandica (Iceland moss).
TPGS-5 – Keynote – Swift utilisation Vitamin E. 25% Concentration.
5ml twice per day – OIL
TPGS-5 IS WATER SOLUBLE VITAMIN E. Vitamin E (Tocopherols) provide the protection against harmful environmental effects, is an anti-oxidant which reduces oxygen requirements of the muscles and maintains healthy blood cells especially their membranes. Vitamin E is an anti-coagulant dissolving blood clots, protects the walls of veins and arteries and heals skin with reduced keloids. Due to some physiological differences Equines are less sparing and less efficient at utilising Vitamin E than other animals and mankind. This makes them more vulnerable to any succession of stresses due to change, disease and to Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress that occurs in horses during intense exercise which can result in excessive production of free radicals due to increased oxygen consumption/energy metabolism and muscle inflammation and lead to cell membrane leakage and damaged misshapen cells or cell death.
VITAMIN E reduces free radicals; helps maintain cell integrity and reduce inflammation.
The strategic position of Vitamin E in the membrane Vitamin E is an integral part of the cell membrane. The phospholipid molecule is the one that becomes oxidized and where free radicals are formed, because Vitamin E is right next door, it can prevent free radical formation and therefore the membrane doesn’t leak and therefore recovery times after exercise and following a series of stresses are reduced. One molecule of Vitamin E protects 1,000 phospholipid molecules from free radical attack the key to Vitamin E is sufficiency and speed of replacement.
In other species this absorption takes place by the formation of micelles (as Vitamin E is a fat and cannot be directly integrated) through bile acids produced in the liver from Vitamin E in the diet and often stored for immediate replenishment in the gall bladder. Afterwards Bile Acids return the denatured Tocopherols (Vitamin E) back to the liver for re-cycling for further use.
Vitamin E is an integral part of the cell membrane. The phospholipid molecule is the one that becomes oxidized and where free radicals are formed, because Vitamin E is right next door, it can prevent free radical formation and therefore the membrane doesn’t leak and therefore recovery times after exercise and following a series of stresses are reduced. One molecule of Vitamin E protects 1,000 phospholipid molecules from free radical attack the key to Vitamin E is sufficiency and speed of replacement.
A further argument for feeding TPGS to horses under stress is that without bile acids there appears little or no recycling of Tocophoxl (used Vitamin E), a valuable sparing process enjoyed by other species. This fact also verifies the need for stabled horses in good health to be fed regular amounts of Vitamin E in their diet.
TPGS in common with natural sources of Vitamin E contains not only alpha but gamma tocopherol as well tocotrienols, another form of vitamin E which is supplied by the natural vitamin E component of the formulation.
“These combat a range of free radicles two most common types being
ROS Reduced by d-alpha-tocopherol
ROS Hydroxyl and superoxide free radicals associated with oxidative metabolism.
RNS Reduced by gamma-tocopherol
RNS Nitric oxide (gas) normal constituent of cells – acts as a messenger and causes vasodilation employed by the immune system to combat high concentration associated with inflammation and infection.
TPGS named as EH20 500/200 on test
TENDERFOOT – Keynote – Hooves – POWDER
The influence of nutrition on hoof growth and the integrity of the horn is profound. Genetics plays a big part too so some horses and ponies have better hooves than others but when certain nutrients are in short supply or out of balance all suffer especially the genetically vulnerable . The list of routine nutrients for maintaining strong resistant hooves that grow sufficiently to cope with wear and tear when barefoot or presents the farrier with fresh new tissue for shoeing is well documents tear, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium etc, sufficient digestible crude protein and vitamins including extra biotin. What is not so routine is what more needs to be done to return hooves to optimum when growth and integrity when such routine dietary fortification is already in being fed. If such circumstances prevail TENDERFOOT can help as it contains a number of important additions, extras to the a good quality mineral, vitamin and amino acid mixture.
Due to the completeness of the formula feeding Tenderfoot at 2 to 3 spoonfuls per day will obviate the need for further supplementation of minerals and vitamins within the total diet. Suitable for breeding stock, competition horses and ponies and of all ages. In three spoonfuls (78g) per day of Tenderfoot Hoofmaker there is just over 20 mg of Biotin. Biotin is known to be of particular importance in helping horses with weak hooves, marked with horizontal ridges, split frogs and horses beset with long-standing foot integrity problems.
COMPOSITION – Monodicalcium phosphate, Fucus versiculosus (Bladderwrack), Magnesium oxide, DL Methionine, Magnesium phosphate (Tissue salts) L-Lysine, Vitamin E, L-Cysteine, Potassium Chloride, Zinc Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Vitamin C, Copper Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Selenium Yeast, Vitamin A (Retinol), Vitamin D3, Thiamine hydrochloride, Riboflavin, Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin, Folic acid, Menadione (Vitamin K).
TURMERIC & BLACK PEPPER – OIL
Many horse owners and trainers like to feed some Turmeric for overall good health and TURMERIC & BLACK PEPPER is ideal as the active ingredient of Turmeric is the yellow coloured Curcumin which is fat soluble so feeding an infusion of Curcumin which is approximately 5% of the seed is the idea way of presenting it , it is also convenient and at the same time has other advantages not least from the universally acknowledged digestive and other properties of Piper nigrum (Black pepper). Feed varying quantities to suit ,usual amounts are about 25ml fed twice daily which equates to feeding about 40g/Day of Turmeric.
Composition – Curcuma longa extract (Curcumin the 5% active ingredient of Turmeric)) infused in Helianthus annuus oil (Sunflower), Piper nigrum oil
UNNIMIX – Keynote – IMMUNITY CRUMBLEY MEAL
The extraordinary versatility of Trinity Unnimix qualifies it as a universal prophylactic and horse health protector. It does this by helping the horse to maintain strong defences against infection and the extra strains that life in the progressive chemical world imposes. Unnimix suits all horses and ponies, is easy to feed and after introduction well accepted being simply added to their bucket feed with a spoon Unnimix goes with all other feeds with no interference or conflict so there are no worries concerning diet duplication etc.
Feed UNNIMIX to horses and ponies which although may presently be clear of skin problems are known by their past history to annually develop skin and hair coat infection and need extra management.
Composition – Sunflower Oil double infused in Calendula (Marigold) flowers, Ascorbic acid, Soluble Vitamin E 50%, DL Methionine, Cucuma longa (as Curcumin extract of Turmeric), Wheat germ oil extract, Biotin Premix, Melaeuca alternifolia, Eucalptus smithii, Citrus limonum, Stevia rotundiflora extract in a Stabilised Pinhead groats (including natural Oat bran & oat germ) carrier.
Amongst the most important group of nutrients are undoubtedly the Tocopherols, the collective for them being Vitamin E. Sufficient Vitamin E which is involved in the metabolic and immunity processes of all species is even more important to Equines as various factors in how horses and ponies have evolved has complicated the absorption and subsequent utilisation of Vitamin E which means that not only is sufficiency vital to the horse’s well being but has created wide variations in what one horse or pony requires for optimum health compared with another. Pertinent to equines is also the range of activities they can be involved in, the more active the cell, such as those of the skeletal and involuntary muscles, the greater the in-flow of lipids for energy supply and the greater the risk of tissue damage if vitamin E is limiting, this antioxidant property also ensures erythrocyte stability and maintenance of the integrity of capillary blood vessels and in the regulatory action on the pituitary-midbrain system.
1. The best possible opportunity the horse has of sufficient Vitamin E intake without supplementation is when grazing green and consuming green vegetation. Recently preserved forage that is still green is a rich source but as the colour fades so too does its Vitamin E content.
2. There are at least eight different tocopherols with vitamin E activity Alphatocopherol has the greatest activity and accounts for 70 to 90% of the total biologically available Vitamin E. Tocopherols are excellent antioxidants, it therefore follows that any condition of feed in which there is active oxygen (peroxidation) leads to a loss in true tocopherol. The supplementary form of alphatocopherol acetate in not an antioxidant and is much more stable in moisture, heat and oxygen, it is converted to the tocopherol during digestion and absorption in the intestine. All forms of Vitamin E are rapidly destroyed by alkalis
3. All animals in particularly Equines under stress need more Vitamin E than those in less stressful condition. Disease, overcrowding, poor ventilation, transport, vaccination, irregular noise patterns, separation and pain etc all increase the requirement of Vitamin E.
4. Ingredients that contain peroxidising fats substantially increase the requirement for Vit E
5. If Selenium supplies are low additional Vitamin E may be required. There is a close relationship between Vitamin E and Selenium in their functions within tissues. Selenium is an important constituent of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase which has the important task of removing peroxides from the cells before they oxidise the unsaturated lipis which are protected by tocopherols. To a small extent Vitamin E and selenium are mutually replaceable, but there are lower limits below which substitution is ineffective.
6. It is often assumed that feed ingredients and forages supply a substantial proportion of vitamin E requirements. This is not universally true and vitamin E supplements should be formulated according to the nature of other ingredients in the ration. For example horses and ponies fed on proprietary high fibre mixtures, ammoniated (nutritionally improved) straw and Port by-products need supplementary Vitamin E whereas unstressed, healthy horses and ponies on grass and green forage may well obtain sufficient Vitamin E without supplementation.
7. Since one of the roles of Vitamin E is to prevent the oxidation of lipids(fats/oils) it follows that whenever there is an increase in the dietary fat, in particular polyunsaturated fats such as cooking oils vitamin E supplementation should reflect oil supplementation.
8. Mycotoxins in the feed are slow to be eliminated from the body and increases the metabolic requirements for Vitamin E.
Currently three types of Vitamin E are used in Trinity Consultants formulae, A dilutable supplementary form for inclusion in mineral, vitamin and electrolyte formulae , natural extract from Wheat germ as used in the Trinity Oils and TPGS most useful during times of special need.
U33 – Complete Digestive Prophylactic
The Equine digestive system has many advantages over ruminants such as cows, sheep and goats but for the sake of speed there are one or two disadvantages one being the horse and pony is much more susceptible to digestive upsets. Chronic indigestion not only lowers nutritional efficiency but can change the whole character of the horse and affect its immunity defences. The enterohepatic circuit, the connection between the liver and the intestinal tract is of paramount influence in the health and well being of the horse, likewise the condition of the mucus membranes and the correct climate necessary for enzymes to be fully active , this being in turn critical for the right conditions for bacterial growth. Bacterial growth and activity in the enlarged caecum and colon must not be too much or too little with much depending on what has gone before. Some horses are more susceptible to digestive upset which can quickly develop into more serious intestinal condition and need help not just by careful management and feed timing but by a gentle overall specific that aids the entire digestive process from liver to bile to enzymes to bacteria. This is very much the territory of U33, added to the bucket-fed feed everyday this safe, palatable tonic solves so many problems related to disturbed digestion function. U33 is a unique blend of proven herb extracts that can make a real difference, it is fast acting in liquid form and is well accepted and even if fed in a situation where it turns out not to be applicable it will do no harm.
For other Trinity digestive formulae – See Peptoni & Peptonil for Ulcers and G59 and Strong Condimental for Colic and acute digestive upsets.
Composition – Chamomile recutina, Cichorium indybus, Filipendula ulmaria, Althaeea officinalis, Cinnamomum zeylanica, Achillea millifolium, , Zingiber officinale, Stevia ext..
VN10 – Keynote – Hormonal mares – LIQUID
A high concentration Vitex formula. Feed at approximately 30ml per day to mares to help regulate inappropriate hormonal activity acting on the anterior pituitary gland, reducing FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) and increasing LSH (Luteum-stimulating hormone) – Stimulates the production of Progesterone but reduces that of Oestrogen. It is also known for its anti-inflammatory and natural anti-biotic properties. VN10 is safe and there are no known counter indications as to its use. For including in feed to help regulate inappropriate hormone activity in mares’s attitude resulting in more contentment but with no lack of spirit or character.
WESTERN SALTS LE – Keynote – Minerals & vitamins enhanced with Lecithin – POWDER
This formula is fed at 2 x 50ml per day this provides the original spoonfuL of Western Salts plus approx 34g of Lecithin (Level 1) per day. At this feedrate 2 Kg will last about 25 days. For the many benefits of Lecithin to the Equines please see appendix to LECTHIN 50 refernces in RACEBACK and other notes about lecithin in the directory.
Composition – Western Salts as above with the addition of Lecithin
WESTERN SALTS – Keynote – Minerals & vitamins – POWDER
The reliable broad spectrum of available major minerals, a comprehensive range of vitamins and added trace elements, providing in one 25ml spoon an excellent ‘top up’ that when fed with adequate daily amounts of good forage meets nationally recognised Mineral, Vitamin and Trace element requirements. At one spoonful per day.
When fed in addition to adequate amounts of forage containing average levels of minerals and vitamins a horse being fed a spoonful (40g) of WESTERN SALTS TM will consume sufficient minerals and vitamins to meet and safely exceed all published NRC (National Research Council) Washington recommendations.
Sodium 10 % “FEEDING BENEFITS
1. Provides a comprehensive range of Major minerals, Trace elements and Vitamins
2. Maintenance and restoration of electrolyte balance
3. Acid indigestion and intestinal upset
4. Daily provider of essential Se 1.5mg/measure/day & Vit E 1600iu/measure/day
5. Daily provider of available zinc and copper in chelated form
It is commonly thought that it is possible to tell when a horse is dehydrated by looking at it, that may be so but only after 4 to 5% of the body weight in fluid has already been lost can dehydration be detected by skin elasticity. In the 500KG horse this which represents some 20 Kg of fluid so it is prudent to always supply some extra sodium levels above that which is naturally contained in the forage and other feeds. Levels do not have to be precise. Appetite for salt can vary quite widely even between siblings. Western salts help to ensure horses and ponies drink normally when fed every day. Feeding a 25 ml spoonful per day in conjunction with good quality forage usually provides sufficient Sodium per day for the inactive 400-500Kg Bodyweight horse in winter. For the more active horse in summer feed extra sodium & potassium in the form of an electrolyte (Electros) and with any pronounced sweating.
WESTERN SALTS are in powder form and devoid of any overall cereal or by product carrier Include in the bucket fed feed.
When fed in addition to adequate amounts of forage containing average levels of minerals and vitamins a horse being fed a spoonful (40g) of WESTERN SALTS TM will consume sufficient minerals and vitamins to meet and safely exceed all published NRC (National Research Council) Washington recommendations.
Zinc 8000 mg/Kg
Copper 3000 mg/Kg
Chromium 100 mg/Kg
Selenium 40 mg/Kg
Thiamine B1 1200 mg/Kg
Biotin 46 mg/Kg
Riboflavin B2 507 mg/Kg
Pyridoxine B6 417 mg/Kg
Pantothenic acid 670 mg/Kg
Vitamin B12 21 mg/Kg
Niacin 1503 mg/Kg
Folic acid 1666 mg/Kg
Vitamin A 901 Thiu/Kg
Vitamin D3 92 Thiu/kg
Vitamin K 138 mg/Kg
Vitamin E 37000 iu/Kg (as alphatocopherol)
Composition -Sodium sulphate, Monodicalcium phosphate, Methyl-Sulphonyl-Methane, Potassium chloride, Magnesium Oxide, Vitamin E, Zinc Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Iron Chelate of Glycine hydrate, Kieselgur (Selected freshwater silicaceous single cell diatom algae), Selenium yeast, Trinity vitamins (Vitamin A, Vitamin D3, Vitamin K, Vitamin B1 Thiamine hydrochloride, Vitamin B2 Riboflavin, Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine, Pantothenic acid, Vitamin B12, Niacin, Biotin Supplement, Folic acid), Chromium polynicotinate.
Y30 – Keynote – Headshaking – LIQUID
The relaxing properties of Y30 are helpful for horses and ponies that intermittently headshake and exhibit sudden nervous movements. The formula exploits the beneficial synergy that there is between Magnesium and German Chamomile. Feed when necessary at 25ml twice per day for as long as required. May be fed on a permanent basis.
Composition – Chamomilla recutita extract, Glyrrhiza glabra, Magnesium chloride, Honey
Z70- Keynote – Coughing – LIQUID
Composition – Prunus serotina, Marrubium vulgare, Verbascum thapus, Symphytum officinalis, Honey, Cetraria isandica, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Zingiber officinalis.
An expectorant for coughing & mucus congestion To help support optimum respiratory function in the otherwise healthy horse by helping to clean and clear the respiratory tracts during times of respiratory infection. Feed at 25 ml twice per day for at lease 10 days or longer. (Also see AH181 & CANDLEWICK OIL).
Many of the formulae listed in this directory contain herbs selected for their outstanding usefulness. Herbs extend their own unique protection to us and to our horses and ponies, evidence from every corner of the world and a wealth of literature testifies to the fact that herbs can help resolve many situation of poor health and also very importantly, when resolution cannot be obtained can still be beneficial, reducing severity, supporting and helping. Not to have herbs on our side is to forgo the assistance of some very powerful allies. Either singulary or better still in concert herbs enhance living.
Step by step information as to how the usefulness of CHOLEX to the middle and long distance racehorse
1. Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) releases a high energy bond converting chemical energy to mechanical energy
2. This is the immediate source of energy for muscle contraction
3. Contraction provides the mechanical energy for walk, trot, gallop and jumping
4. Continued muscle contraction requires a continuous source of ATP
5. Although some ATP is stored in the muscle the amount is only sufficient for a brief period of contraction
6. For work to continue beyond this short period ATP must be replenished by the bio-chemical oxidation of fuel stores
7. The fuel stores for energy production are Carbohydrates and Fats which are found intra-cellularly and Extra-cellularly
8. The intracellular supplies are in the form of Glycogen (stored carbohydrate) and Triglycerides (stored fats)
9. The extracellular supplies are Glucose (already broken down glycogen) and Fatty acid (the three fats already seperated out). Delivered by the blood to muscle from peripheral pools of glygogen in the liver and fats from the adipose tissue
10. The relative contribution of each fuel to muscle contraction depends on the intensity of exercise
11.Metabolism of glycogen and glucose is tradionally regarded as Aerobic or Anerobic (requiring oxygen) although the overall process of metabolism of both carbohydrate and fats to produce ATP is one of oxidation
12. The means by which carbohydrates and fats produce ATP is not discussed here but suffice to say they differ in both speed and efficiency. Continued ATP generation by glycogen depletion does not compare with the the efficiency by which fats generate ATP (only some 8%) and there is the accelerated burden of Lactate/Proton accumulation that lowers intra-cellular pH which ultimately lead to enzymatic inhibition nevertheless it is a swift provider of ATP and when ATP demands soars it is the only alternative.
13. Such are the constrictions on ATP production from glycogen and glucose (carbohydrate sources) that the process can only be sustained for 50 to 60 seconds at top speed
14. There is no automatic switch on and switch off of anaerobism (carbohydrate derived ATP) and aeobic metabolism (fat derived ATP) some anaerobic glycolysis and oxidative phosphorlation occurs at all levels of exercise the relative contributions to total ATP, as afore said, varies according to severity of exercise
15. The oxidation of fats contribute significantly to total ATP production over prolonged sub-maximal exercise and by far the greatest chemical energy is from extra-cellular stored plasma free fatty acids that are already derived from intra-cellular tryglycerides. This indicates the importance of the assimilation and utilisation of fats as opposed to just the singular crude provision of them. The production of free fatty acids will also increase response to high intensity sprint and interval training in some muscles providing energy at higher heart beat before changeover of ATP derived sources.
16. Although a stated some ATP is provided from all metabolic pathways at all levels of exercise the faster the speed of movement the more important metabolism from carbohydrates is, therefore concentration of glycogen stores are particularly important in sprint and short distance races.
17. For longer than 1.5 miles (approximately 2 mins 25 sec) performance starts to be limited by the slow rate at which muscle cells can produce energy aerobicall. Threshold levels of ATP from carbohydrates vary considerably for horse to horse, glycogen studies suggest that horses with the largest number and area of Type 2 fibre muscles which play a major role during sprinting contains the greatest anarobic capacity but at 1.5 miles this is where the fastest horse some even capable of of over 44 mph do not always win as it is about 5/8ths of a mile the tiny start-up reserve of ATP and the glycogen produced ATP runs out before the race is finished.
18. Beyond 1.5 miles glycogen sparing becomes increasingly important with the horse that can utilise ATP from fats at a higher gradual switch over being most fatique resistant
19. Training contributes massively to raising switch-over levels along with so other factors such as rest when necessary and minimising stress, a further thing that can be done to beat the handicapper is to make it possible for the horse to be able to utilise fats more efficiently to make it easier for the horse to metabolise triglycerides into more swiftly useable fatty acids to produce ATP more effectively. This can be done by feeding CHOLEX which firstly presents a highly assimilateable source of lipids (fats/oil) in conjunction with Phosphatylcholine (Lecithin) during the first month/months of race training . Such a policy enables the horse to reach a higher heartbeat fuelled by fats delaying the engagement of glycogen ATP production by a few seconds. This may not be a lot, certainly not enough when the horses is losing by a long way, but quite enough to provide a few more valuable seconds at VO2 max during the last furlong sufficient to influence the result.
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